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Exegesis on Job 42:1-17 In the passage of Job 42:1-6 there appears to be an interpretation of a divine speech to be supported by Jobs response.
Job feigns submission and accepts that he will never get a straight answer from God. Source criticism is being used as the verses in three and four, Job quotes the Lord's words which were also used previously in Job 38:2-3 and uses them to make his surrender appear to be in defence to God's power. Job's true attitude however is revealed in verse six "therefore I despise myself, and repent in dust and ashes." In the NRSV translation of this verse reflects the traditional view that Job is confessing to his sin in challenging God's justice.
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Source and Form Criticism of the Bible. Both types of criticisms are helpful by trying to understand the biblical content of the Bible and where it originated. By raising questions such as, are the stories that are told in the bible just parables or did
Hence Gunkel originated questions to ask when analysing a biblical text. The questions a Form critic should ask themselves (according to Gunkel) are, "Who is speaking? Who are the listeners? What is the setting on the stage at the time? What Effect is aimed at?" (Soulen, R.N. Handbook of Biblical criticism, 3rd ed. Minneapolis: John Knox, 2001, page 61-63). An example of form criticism is in 2 Samuel 12:1-4 where it is a prose with a genre known as a parable. It could have a life setting to be retold at coronation ceremonies to remind the king to be humble.
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All inheritance would pass to the son and his descendants before anything would pass to his daughter. A father could marry his daughter to anyone he liked until she came to the age of twelve, she had no right to protest. He could even sell his daughter into slavery, which was often done, as this would be of profit to him. But after the age of twelve the girl would become independent and the father would have no right to betrothe her against her will. A woman didn't have the right to divorce her husband, but he could divorce her.
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'Few Historians think no progress is being made towards truth, but even history's keenest devotees know objectivity is unattainable' (Lowenthal) Discuss.
History is a constantly moving process, historians are in constant debate with each other and with what they have written. This is progressive because no one idea is accepted as authority over another. We can constantly produce newly interpreted versions of events that we may or may not agree with - there is value in that. However we must recognise that we cannot be objective about anything in history and therefore cannot come to a definite answer. There are philosophical and religious ideas that create the desire for attaining the truth.
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