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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 191
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Health and saftey in enviroment

    5 star(s)

    Spillage Secondly immediately on entering the canteen I noticed a rather large drink spillage which was right in the path of service users wanting to walk to get food, this is a serious hazard. Service users were at risk of slipping and falling over the spillage, most at risk were the blind service users as there would be unable to see the spillage also at more at risk are the older service users are they injure more when they fall however all the service users were at risk of injuring themselves.

    • Word count: 939
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 4 - Children and Play

    4 star(s)

    In a school playground, children might play with b***s, swings, seesaws etc. This would also be cooperative play. D3 ? At a local park, children would use physical play. They would use this because they would be running, jumping and moving around using physical energy. In the school playground, physical play would again be used. Also, creative play would be used because children will make and play games using their own imagination. In a classroom, children will use drama play and use creative play because they will be thinking about what to do.

    • Word count: 630
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Unit 21: Nutrition for Health & Social Care - the needs of pregnant women and the elderly

    4 star(s)

    The average weight gained is between 9 and 12 kg (20 to 26 lbs) although there is a natural variation between individuals. With overweight women, it may be less, while thinner women may gain more. However, Pregnant women require more energy (or calories) during the last trimester of pregnancy and more protein, vitamins A, C, D, and the B vitamins thiamin, riboflavin and folic acid throughout pregnancy and when breast-feeding, requirements for Vitamin B12, calcium, phosphorous and zinc are also increased.

    • Word count: 871
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    The Main Body Systems

    4 star(s)

    Following this it is pumped around the rest of the body as systemic circulation. The respiratory system The respiratory system is responsible for the gaseous exchange that takes place between the circulatory system and the external environments. Air is inhaled through the upper airways, such as the nasal cavity, through the trachea and into the small bronchioles and alveoli within the lung tissue. While inhaling the external intercostal muscles contract, moving the ribcage up and out while the diaphragm moves down. The lungs are attached to the thoracic wall by the pleural membranes, and so expand outwards with the ribcage.

    • Word count: 879
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    E1 Describe three different types of setting which provide care and education for children in your area. E5 Explain the importance of valuing and respecting all children in the setting.

    4 star(s)

    or a service can be provided (i.e. there is a power to provide it if an authority chooses)...'' (Thornes 2008 pg2) Another type of setting which provides care and education for children in my area is sure start children's centre. This is a voluntary sector and they are run by organizations. This type of sector is not designed to make a profit. ''Money for voluntary organisations comes from a variety of sources that include donations, fund-raising, grants from central or local government, lottery grants and fees for the services they provide.'' (Thornes 2008 pg4) The private sector is owned by an individual or company and aim to make a profit which people will pay for their child to attend such as: Burnham Montessori School.

    • Word count: 800
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    This assignment will describe the pathogenesis and clinical feature of clostridium difficile infection and will discuss how the bacteria virulence factors and allow it to infect humans.

    4 star(s)

    Although Clostridium difficile ignition recognition of this disease begun in the late 1970 with report of serious illness and even death, it is a super burg that is more injury than MRSA. According to the Department of Health the number of C. difficile cases has increased from under 1,000 in the early 1990s to 55,634 in 2006. Since January 2004. Clostridium difficile has been part of the mandatory surveillance programme for healthcare associated infections, (Private healthcare UK 2005- 2010). Clostridium difficile is a type of bacteria that can be found in many health people's gut.

    • Word count: 872
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    Describe the stages of the communication cycle

    4 star(s)

    After having done this then you have to code the message. This could mean how you are going to say it what body language you are going to user and also it could be in to a different language or even sign language. After having done this you send the message that you were just thinking about this can be done verbally for example singing or speaking. Or it could also be done physically for example written, or in sign language or in body language.

    • Word count: 554
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    Describe the roles and responsibilities with regard to the administration of medicines in a health and social care setting

    4 star(s)

    Health care workers should never think that the medication is correct to what is been given to them; it is important that they contact the GP to in order to confirm that the medication is correct. New individual's medication can be checked by a discharge prescription from the hospital, or a repeat prescription copy brought in by the individual and also by the pre-admission assessment by another health care professional. Verbal orders: The doctor might change an individual's dose of their medication and halfway through their treatment.

    • Word count: 888
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    What are the advantages and disadvantages of legalizing drugs

    4 star(s)

    The immense sense of humour generated by the illicit drug trade and which are launched in several ways are a source of social and economic problems in many countries. Traffickers will no longer become rich on the backs of poor drugs addict on the streets of cities. Already, the legalization of some soft drugs like cannabis in Holland, for example, has given some degree of healthiness to drug taking. Another advantage deriving naturally from the legalization of drugs is the decrease in crime and disease.

    • Word count: 724
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    Evaluate the nature-nurture debate in relation to the development of an individual

    4 star(s)

    Some examples of nature (or heredity) could be eye colour, height and behaviour. It is believed to determine an individual's personality, appearance and other traits because of the fact that it is all genetically down. ( M.Eysenick, 2004) The effect of nature in relation to an individual's development can be shown in the studies of twins. Flanagan (2002) did research in a study in which a set of twins were raised differently. This set of identical twins was raised apart and they didn't meet each other until they were 40 years old.

    • Word count: 847
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    Explain the probable homeostatic responses to changes in the internal environment following the consumption of a healthy meal

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    Although after eating a meal certain changes occur within the body they are: After eating a healthy balanced meal the glucose levels within the blood will rise the reason for this is because the food in which you have just eating contains glucose, therefore the islets of langerhans within the pancreas release insulin to reverse the change. The islets of langerhans contain a small number of alpha cells and numerous beta cells, the alpha cells secrete glucagon where as the beta cells secrete insulin, this has an antagonistic effect on the blood glucose level within the body.

    • Word count: 994
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    My work experience at Belleview nursing home.

    4 star(s)

    I was informed of my duties and what was expected of me. I was introduced to the rest of the team and hoped that I could be an asset to them and not a hindrance. At the start of the day the patients were to be given breakfast, each of them were helped to the toilet and made comfortable for the rest of the day. At all times the patients were with a qualified member of staff to help them. The patients had the opportunity to spend time in they're bed or in the day room depending on how mobile they were.

    • Word count: 807
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    Why MRSA is difficult to treat.

    4 star(s)

    MRSA can be resistant to the antibiotic(s.) Vancomycin can also have serious side effects. Patients can develop experience liver and kidney damage. Alternative antibiotics in use are linezolid and flucloxacillin. Flucloxacillin is more common in community practice. In l994 a warning was placed on the listing of its use due to a possible association with cholestatic hepatitis. However, with MRSA infections, the morbidity and potential mortality are high and the benefits of flucloxacillin far outweigh the risks. Linezolid is also effective. Infact, it may be equivalent to Vancomycin in the treatment of MRSA infections.

    • Word count: 669
  14. Marked by a teacher

    Comparing Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models of Health

    4 star(s)

    It is a reductionist view of illness. This means that it takes the simplest possible cause of the illness and applies the simplest cure. The biomedical model uses single factor causes and doesn't consider all the factors that lead to illness. For example the biomedical model would say smoking is the cause of heart disease, but not all smokers get heart disease so other factors must be involved.

    • Word count: 369
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    Human Lifespan Development Emotional Development from 0-65 years+

    3 star(s)

    However by 1 year old they can express emotions through tears and facial expressions. They are joyful, full of fun 2-5 years old At this stage children may show concern when another child is upset. In addition they can resents attention show by carer to other they can sometime be in control of their emotion responses and to resolve conflict, they can become emotionally stable but still prone to mood swings. 6-12years old At this stage children learn to cope with their emotional feelings such as: value, fear, anger, respect, love and jalousie. More ever they are able to join in team games and they are very sensible to criticism and they are not reacting well to a telling off especially in front of other people.

    • Word count: 679
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    Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders. Heart disease and Breast Cancer

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    An increase of blood pressure is an increase of the force of blood against the walls of the arteries, and the higher the blood pressure the higher the likelihood the walls of the arteries can become damaged. This can lead to stiffness of the arteries making them less flexible which can lead to the buildup of cholesterol which can cause atherosclerosis; High levels of cholesterol, If the body takes in too much cholesterol, even after being used on cells the extra gets deposited inside the artery wall lining which can lead to atherosclerosis.

    • Word count: 834
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    Explain the potential factors of TWO predictable and TWO unpredictable major life events on the development of an individual

    3 star(s)

    mother at a very young age, her father wasn?t paying the best attention to her, also it could saddens her to know their house help would be her new step mother, school was a release of stress of family for Madonna, however Madonna took advantage of school because that was her social life as it helped her with her emotional as well Madonna was popular which could be advantage of her making new friends she was also in d cheerleading squad which would give her more chance to socialise even more, school gave Madonna education to be able to motivate her to go further with it, likewise opportunities in future such as university.

    • Word count: 799
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    Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services

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    There was no relationship built between this health care professional and David on which he could trust his information to be kept private or for their communication between the two of them to be understood to help benefit their relationship. The potential effects of this discrimination can go on to include Marginalisation, Disempowerment, Low self-esteem and self-identity and even negative behaviours including aggression and criminality.

    • Word count: 880
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    Iinterpersonal communication. Write a reflective essay of the practice session discussing four key interpersonal skills you used or attempted to use.

    3 star(s)

    A simple definition of interpersonal communication is ? the verbal and non-verbal interaction between two independent people (DeVito 2007, pp. 14). There are different interpersonal skills that we use in different situations. Some of the main skills include, active listening, non-verbal communication, managing our emotions and practicing assertiveness. If skills such as these are executed correctly then effective communication will be achieved with little risk of confrontation. These skills were applied throughout my practice session, some effective, some not as effective.

    • Word count: 961
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    Discuss difficulties that may arise when implementing anti-discriminatory practice

    3 star(s)

    own views or stereotypes will take control over the way the person treats the individual and then this wont promote anti-discriminatory practice the person is treating the person differently due own opinions it will affect the person negatively and this is discriminating against them. Culture Culture can affect practice of anti-discrimination though there being miscommunication though different ideas of body language that's in a person's culture, for example there's different ways of saying hello in cultures. Culture can also cause discriminatory practice though language barriers, this may cause problems though their not being a translator, the doctors or social workers

    • Word count: 893
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    Explain the reason why children and young peoples development may not follow the expected pattern.

    3 star(s)

    If a child is shown little or no emotional attachment when growing up they could find it considerably difficult to illustrate emotions later in life. If a child is witness to any kind of physical or mental abuse whist developing and growing up, this could effect how they value or control their own emotional feelings. Physical: Physical growth of the child or young person may be a factor that affects the physical development process. Environment: If the child or young person does not live or associate around a multi cultural society they will not develop the necessary environmental skills.

    • Word count: 549
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    Using examples from work experience, evaluate the effectiveness of policies and procedures for promoting health, safety and security.

    3 star(s)

    * Interview a professional * Provide a case study as evidence For this assignment I am going to be talking how polices and procedures can promote health, safety and security within a work place. I am also going to be describing what illnesses and injuries should be prevented by following specific policies and procedures. I am going to be talking about Health and Safety at work, Manual Handling Regulations, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995, The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSSH)

    • Word count: 964
  23. Marked by a teacher

    Describe three different types of setting which provide care and education for children in your area. This must include one example from the list: statutory sector, voluntary sector and private sector.

    3 star(s)

    This is a voluntary sector and they are run by organizations.. ''Money for voluntary organisations comes from a variety of sources that include donations, fund-raising, grants from central or local government, lottery grants and fees for the services they provide.'' (Thornes 2008 pg4) The private sector is owned by an individual or company and aim to make a profit which people will pay for their child to attend such as: Burnham Montessori School. E6 Describe three professional skills that support your work with children. Having good timekeeping and attendance is a professional skill that will support my work with children because it shows that I am responsible, keen and ready to work with the children.

    • Word count: 589
  24. Marked by a teacher

    Give practical examples of how Queensland could balance the rights and responsibilities of its service users to provide quality care.

    3 star(s)

    For example, being responsible around the Queensland for the service users may mean cleaning up after your mess and taking care of your belongings, but it also means having consideration for others, keeping the group areas of Queensland in reasonable condition, etc. The responsibility extends beyond yourself, but to others in your environment as well. The service users are normally taught about "rights" early on as well. Rights are what service users are or "should" be entitled like confidentiality is their right.

    • Word count: 646
  25. Marked by a teacher

    Statutory Provsion and Information Confidentiality in a Nursery.

    3 star(s)

    D2 Describe the purpose of one setting that is a different type of provision for each age range. There are many settings which provide care for children. One setting that is not statutory for children under 5 years old would be a voluntary organization such as a parent and toddler group run by the local church such as all Saints Toddler Group. Users of the organization would pay a small fee to attend as it is not designed to make a profit but help the users. D3 Describe how to keep information about children and families confidential Personal information needs to be kept safe at all times when in a child care setting because it is a legal requirement.

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Health and Social Care at A level is a strong preparation for those wishing to enter this important and growing field. The course is designed to ensure that learning is based around a work-centred approach and often there are opportunities to get involved in related work experience. The subject is a mix of compulsory and optional units and youll be studying the concept of efficient caring, communication and health issues, the practical realities of care provision and human development and behaviour.

The assessment will be made up of a variety of methods: portfolio's of evidence, presentations and examinations. Marked by Teachers has a large collection of essays which cover a wide range of Health and Social Care topics to help you develop your written skills.

If you are considering taking the subject further, there are many essays in Healthcare at university level to help you make the transition between A level and degree.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "Cannabis should be legalised" clearly discuss the points for (pros) and against (cons). you should also show where your sympathies lie"

    "Keith Hellawell (the former government drugs expert) described cannabis as a "gateway drug"; he believes it leads to the miss use of harder substances. However, the statistics show that many young people under the age of 25 have tried cannabis (approximately 20%) and the percentage who go on to use harder drugs such as heroin is very small (less than 2%). This shows that the argument that cannabis use leads to the use of harder drugs is unfounded. I believe that cannabis should be legalised. I have shown that in has many medical values and I believe that people should not be punished for using cannabis to relieve pain from debilitating conditions. However, the medical values are not without unpredictable side effects and I believe a lot more research into the medicinal use of cannabis is needed. The topic of the legalisation of cannabis will continue to be an area of debate until scientists are able to agree on the medical uses and possible side effect of cannabis."

  • Discuss the interplay of infectious agents and the immune system in pathogenesis of arthritis.

    "In conclusion, it is clear to see that there is much interplay between the immune system & infectious agents in the pathogenicity of arthritis. It is clear that there is a balance that needs to be achieved by the immune system in dealing with infectious agents - and it seems that subtle imbalances can lead to the most heinous of diseases. Although there is still much for the scientific community to learn about the mechanistic pathology involved, our current knowledge is allowing relatively effective treatment of different manifestations of arthritis and offering a continually improving prognosis for sufferers. Downing College Jubin Joseph"

  • The Difference between Person Centred and Psychodynamic therapy. Wheeler and McLeod (1995) briefly compare the key principles of Person Centred and Psychodynamic approach and critically evaluate where the approaches part company with one another

    "In conclusion I think that there are benefits to both of the counselling approaches and combined persons centred and psychodynamic approaches and together would be a good way to approach counselling however this is debated over widely and not always considered plausible but I think it depends on the therapists individual skills and the model of therapy they use with a client .overall I think that both approaches aim to help the client excel but have very different ways of approaching this and in terms of focusing on a individuals recovery and their overall well being I believe the person centred approach succeeds."

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