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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to the physical development of an individual.

    These biological factors are said to determine an individual's development and characteristics. Genes program the chemical basis of our biology; they provide the instructions for structuring amino acids which in turn influence the proteins within our body cells. Our body shape and size as well as behaviour depend on the interaction of our biology and environmental factors. Things such as height, weight, hair loss (in men), life expectancy and vulnerability to specific illnesses e.g. breast cancer in women are positively correlated between biologically related individuals.

    • Word count: 918
  2. I played a game with the children called the bean bag game. This was to promote the childrens self reliance and self esteem. The advantages of this game are that the children learn to realise that they are good at certain things or that they may excel

    I was also involved in promoting the children's physical development through dancing and singing. We sang a variety of nursery rhymes that involved physical movement such as head, shoulders, knees and toes, hokey cokey and I'm a little teapot. Head, shoulders, knees and toes is a great rhyme to warm up to as well as getting to know your body parts. Then we followed by the hokey cokey, this is an excellent rhyme as it gets the whole body moving whilst having fun.

    • Word count: 847
  3. Barriers to communication. Barriers to effective communication could cause roadblocks in your professional and personal life and it could be one of the major hurdles in achieving your professional goals.

    Barriers to effective communication could cause roadblocks in your professional and personal life and it could be one of the major hurdles in achieving your professional goals. Types of Barriers A few barriers of effective communication in an organization are given below. 1. Semantic and Language Barriers 2. Physical and External Barriers. 3. Socio-Psychological Barriers Semantic and language Barriers: Semantic barriers are the barriers that are related with the words. Words, of course, are symbols, and therefore limited because they cannot have precisely the same meaning for everyone. Since words can mean different things, their different meanings may block communication.

    • Word count: 819
  4. Discuss the skills the practitioner requires to effectively communication in a social care settingg

    The fourth skill would be having good eye contact because this shows that you are respecting and valuing them. Written skills can also have an effect on the communication as this is another way which the practitioner will need to communication by for example sending out emails to parents. The sixth skill required to have effective communication in the social setting is to remember to not use jargon or slang as it does not look very professional.

    • Word count: 529
  5. Theory of One to One interaction - my interaction with a patient.

    This shows her that I am the to support her and help her when she needs it. I did not have her permission to do so but I took the assumption that she needed help, as she cannot walk by herself. Tone Of Voice The tone of voice a carer uses/has sends messages of how we are feeling. If a carer talks in a loud voice with a fixed tone it may send the message that he or she is angry.

    • Word count: 819
  6. When looking at my fitness and nutritional habits I have found I, do have some good practices. Regarding my fitness habits, I try to stay fit by attending Karate classes, twice a week, and either running or hiking at one of the local parks.

    Other associated health risks of obesity include diabetes, gallstones, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, and several cancers" (Donatelle, 2010, p. 282). Even though I do have some good nutritional habits, there are always ways to improve those habits. Three new habits I have chosen to incorporate into my lifestyle are eating breakfast every morning, reducing my sodium (salt) intake, and adding fish to my diet one to two times a week. . I often skip breakfast even though I fix breakfast for my son every morning.

    • Word count: 934
  7. Describe the main reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after away from home.

    the parents may not be able to provide for the childs needs and this could result in their welfare to be at risk. Placing the child in respite for a period of time gives the parents a chance to be able to get on the straight and narrow. If the child is suffering from a bereavement and upheaval the child is often vulnerable and may have had a lot of disruption or upheaval already. The child may have had damaging experiences which may internalise their turbulent emotions.

    • Word count: 714
  8. Legislation and Policy that affects the care of children and young people.

    This UN Convention order makes sure the child is attending their school, being cared for, in good health and the child's social behaviour is acceptable. This act reassures the child and their families that they are being looked after well whilst the child is being looked after. This act is good as it has the child's well being at heart and the child's well being should hopefully become better if the looked after child is not being looked after properly.

    • Word count: 820
  9. Describe the appropriate responses where child abuse is suspected or confirmed, making reference to current legislation and policies.

    Sexual abuse An example of sexual abuse in a nursery setting would be that the child had been showing signs of discomfort in the genital area, and the care assistant had noticed the child had bruises around her breasts and when the parent came to collect the child, the child didn't want to go home If you were a nursery assistant within this setting your responsibility would be to inform the supervisor and take an account of everything you have seen and hear, also date it as this case could go to court if the alleged allegations where to be true.

    • Word count: 741
  10. Genogram Family Analysis. When I take a look at my family genogram it is really amazing how much was known on my Dads side of the family and how little is known about my mothers side of the family.

    My Grandfather was one of ten children. He had five brothers and 4 sisters. My Grandmother was one of four children and had three brothers. Maybe this explains why she was a tough skinned person. My grandparents had four children, two boys and two girls. My father was the oldest and the youngest while my Uncle Victor was the youngest. My Uncle Victor died at age eight on his birthday in an automobile accident that eventually caused the death of my Grandmother. Physical Features My Grandfather was six feet tall, while my Grandmother a mere four foot 7 inches tall.

    • Word count: 910
  11. Review a risk assessment in relation to infection prevention and control undertaken at a health or social care work placement.

    Plus, not many accidents have happened in the staff room this shows that the risk assessment has worked. The good points about this risk assessment because it's nice and specific on the points you need to be aware. It is set out in grids and showing people whether the risks are high, medium or low. It also shows the person's name that carried about the risk assessment and the date has been viewed.

    • Word count: 453
  12. Outline the legal framework relating to the protection of children

    The rules include right to life, protection from slavery, right to education and the right to marriage. The human rights act is vital in keeping our society fair and equal as possible and fortunately most of us do not have any idea what it would be like with such regulations. United Nations Convention on the rights of the child, 1989. Children have rights and there is legislation to protect their rights. The United Nations Convention on the rights of the child has 54 articles containing the right of children. The 54 articles within the CRC address children's right to: * Survival * Protection * Development * Participation Special Educational Need and Disability Act 2001 This act has two parts.

    • Word count: 931
  13. P3: describe the influence of two predictable and two unpredictable life events can affect an individuals development

    They will learn a lot and this will only increase through life. There can be a negative attitude towards going to school for the first time as children may not feel excited or they feel so attached to their Mom or Dad that they don't want to be left at school. They may even be afraid of the teachers and children and so they may not want to go back again. The fact that they might not want to play with others means they won't meet new people and with all of this it may be considered as the worst day of their lives.

    • Word count: 978
  14. Signs and Sympton of Child Abuse, care for children and young people

    The abuser purposely sets out to hurt the child with physical force and violence. Physical abuse includes throwing, hitting, shaking, poisoning or suffocating. It can also involve the adult providing the child with alcohol and inappropriate drugs. Physical observations - Bruising on upper arms, shoulders, neck, consistent with gripping. - Unexplained burns and scalds, especially cigarette burns and burns that are caused from lengthy exposure to heat. - Human bite marks - Fractures, most particularly spiral fractures (a fracture which runs around the axis of the bone). - Swelling and lack of normal use of limbs.

    • Word count: 692
  15. Pizza Hut health Issue research

    How dangerous is formaldehyde? The National Cancer Institute reports: "Formaldehyde has been classified as a human carcinogen (cancer-causing substance) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer and as a probable human carcinogen by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency." 2. Pizzas in Pizza Hut can be high in salt, fat and calories. There are some concerns about negative health effects. There has been reported that some of Pizza Hut's meals were high in salt and the amount of salt has been found to be more than twice the daily recommended amount for an adult and four times the daily limit of a six year old.

    • Word count: 540
  16. What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

    The symptoms include a frequent need to urinate, increased hunger and increased thirst which results in weight loss. The condition is fatal unless it is treated with insulin, which can be injected via an insulin pump or inhaled. So far, no cure has been found with the exception of a pancreas transplant or islet cell transplant. This means that the treatment has to continue indefinitely. A pancreas transplant is the most common other way of treating type 1 diabetes, but there is also the islet cells transplant which is

    • Word count: 562
  17. In this task I will explain the role workforce development has in the health sector.Workforce development is about supporting staff, volunteers and trustees, as individuals and in teams, and helping them to gain and improve their skills, knowledge and und

    The term 'Children's workforce' is a shorter way of describing everyone who works, whether paid or unpaid, with children and young people and their parents and carers. Workforce development involves recruiting, developing and retaining the staff and volunteers needed to help an organisation reach its objectives. Training, qualifications, induction, supervision, appraisals, coaching, mentoring, reading and reflection are all part of 'workforce development'. Why is workforce development important? Workforce development is one of the most important things that every organisation counts upon being reliable and effective is their staff.

    • Word count: 623
  18. Btech National Diployma life stages Pass 4

    Retirement When we age we will retire from our working status, in doing so we will lose contact with work colleges, etc. Geographical mobility In this day and age due to the vast amount of travel families and friends don't always tend to live in a close proximity together and as we get older we may find it harder to travel to visit friends and family, therefore interaction may become more difficult. Ill health This is the biggest factor affecting disengagement, things such as problems with vision and hearing can make it hard to interact with things such as computers and phones.

    • Word count: 972
  19. Btech National Diployma life stages Merit 3

    I feel that the activity theory is better as I feel people that disengage themselves are missing out and I feel they tend to be less happy in the last years of their life. I also feel it depends on both the mental state and the physical state of the person. I am now going to give an example of both theories and explain them. My maternal grandmother is 62 years of age and she would fit into the activity theory.

    • Word count: 918
  20. Caring for children and young people Pass 5

    Parental responsibility - 'All rights, duties, powers, responsibilities and authority which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child and its property.' 3. Partnership - This means to work in partnership with the child, parents and the professionals/organisations for the welfare of the child. 4. Prevention - wherever possible children should be brought up and cared for on their own families making enforcement or removal of children a last resort by preventing separation from their parents.

    • Word count: 773
  21. Caring for children and young people Pass 1 Describe the main reasons why children and young people may need to be looked after away from home

    However despite not doing well in school, school is the most stable part of a child's life in generally all situations. * Parental illness or family breakdown - Another reason for children to be looked after is their parents may be unwell or else unable to cope and the child may have to leave the family home for a period of time. During this time they may live in foster homes, residential schools or children's homes. The length of time a child will spend in a setting will depend greatly on their situation and circumstances.

    • Word count: 772
  22. Equality, Diversity and Rights in Health and Social Care.

    The arts. one benefit of living in a socially diverse society is the easy access we a;; have to a range of different traditions and art forms from around the world/ museums and galleries now feature displays and exhibitions that reflect the heritage and beliefs of many different societies. Theatre often offers the opportunity to gain insight into other cultures and, in some cases, languages. The arts can prove helpful to the work of a health and social care professional as they can provide some insight into the cultures and beliefs of other societies.

    • Word count: 979
  23. Free essay

    Source of infections - bacteria, viruses and fungi.

    Dust from the air and any sort of bites from a mammal to an insect. Mosquitoes usually have infections that spread due to containing a bad blood type from a previous person which is then passed on to another person causing illnesses. This can also be cured due to the pathogens within a human body. The pathogens can fight the bacteria cells and remember them so that if the same cells enter the body the pathogens can fight the cells. Pathogens are a defence for the human body without it the human body will not be able to fight the bacteria cells.

    • Word count: 601
  24. Growth and Development

    Stretch legs out and kick when lying on stomach or back * Push down on legs when feet are placed on a firm surface Sensory and Thinking Skills * Turn head toward bright colours and lights * Turn toward the sound of a human voice * Recognize bottle or breast * Respond to your shaking a rattle or bell * Follow moving object with eyes * Watch faces closely * Recognize familiar objects and people at a distance Language and Social Skills * Make cooing, gurgling sounds * Smile when smiled at * Communicate hunger, fear, discomfort (through crying or facial expression)

    • Word count: 647
  25. Communication. In care setting all forms of communication are used whether its face to face of on the telephone, it could also be through computer by sending or receiving emails or you could use writing as a form of communication or other special metho

    emails and the use of internet which is also growing increasingly. Others may also use writing as a form of communication e.g. in care settings use care plans or may communicate using special methods e.g. Braille, sign, language. Oral communication: - Oral communication is by word of mouth it describes any type of inter-action that makes use of spoken words. http://www.answers.com/topic/oral-communication (13.11.09) Having a meaningful conversation with someone requires the development of skills and social co-ordination, this mean showing an interest in the conversation and actually being interested in the conversation and also having the ability to start and end conversations.

    • Word count: 779

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