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AS and A Level: Healthcare

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  1. Describe four key pieces of research into the role of attachment in behaviour acquisition.

    affectionless and psychopath. The theory of the monotropy led to the formulation of his maternal deprivation hypothesis. In 1944, Bowlby investigated the effects of maternal deprivation on people, in order to see whether delinquents have suffered deprivation. According to Bowlby breaking the maternal bond with the child during the early stages of its life is likely to have a great impact on its intelligence, social and emotional development. In order to compare his findings, Bowlby interviewed two groups of 44 adolescents.

    • Word count: 3559
  2. Factors affecting a child's health before and after birth.

    Malnutrition or a lack of healthy food during pregnancy may result in a lifetime of poor health for the child. The Food Standards Agency recommends that pregnant women should eat plenty of fruit and vegetables; plenty of starchy foods such as bread and pasta and rice; foods rich in protein such as lean meat, chicken and fish; plenty of fibre; and foods which contain calcium such as cheese and milk. The Food Standard Agency also advises that women should avoid or limit alcohol and also avoid too much caffeine as this may result in a low birth weight.

    • Word count: 4157
  3. Childcare and legislation. 5 pieces of current legislation: Human Rights Act 2000. Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001. Children Act 2004. Equality Act 2006. Protection of Children Act 1999

    Good child protection practice protects the children and the staff, management and volunteers who have responsibility for them. All staff and volunteers must understand the policy and procedures. The policies procedures should be written in a practical, user-friendly and informative way so young people can understand them. These policies and procedures should cover all areas such as discrimination of age, sex and disabilities etc. they should also have procedures in case of an intruder on the grounds and other related incidents.

    • Word count: 3883
  4. This assignment is about working with children within the voluntary, statutory and private sectors.

    The statutory sector is provided by either local authorities or central government departments. It is funded by the government by tax they collect money through local and national taxation and national insurance. Statutory sectors are staffed by people who are trained and paid for their work. Examples of this would be the NHS, social services, education services and the police. They are free at point of entry, and anyone can have access to this service whether you are rich or poor. They are nationwide, and are the only sector that is nationwide. There are many examples of these services such as, independent nurseries, nursery schools and nurseries attached to schools.

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  5. Describe Service Users Right to Confidentiality.

    the rights of data subjects * Kept secure and safe from destruction * Should not be transferred to another country without adequate protection The Data Protection Act, which applies to paper and computer records, gives service users' the right to access the information their setting holds about them and requires that all care settings have a named member of staff to take on the role of 'controller of data'. In order to comply with the Act and maintain good practice care settings should make sure that service users' are made aware of the records held about them and should be asked to give their permission before information is passed on.

    • Word count: 3333
  6. Children and additional needs - legal requirements and support services.

    D3 - The main areas that need to be included in an inclusion policy are first of all the aims of the setting that means how they aim to meet the Childs additional needs. Settings can include a mission statement which explains the settings principles. This mentions how all children are special and how the setting will provide equal opportunities and a welcome for all, recognising that certain groups and individuals In our society get discriminated against. How the setting will identify special needs, for example record keeping and a comprehensive system of regular observations help to recognise any additional needs a child may have.

    • Word count: 4726
  7. Health Factors Underlying health conditions resulting in a specific nutrient need:

    Loss of ability to feed independently: From Paralysis Some people unfortunately are unable to feed themselves either from an accident which leads to paralysis or they haven't been able to all their lives or a development of debilitating condition. If any quantity of independence can be preserved, then it should. There are many gadgets that are available to people who are unable to feed themselves to help them feed themselves such as wide handed cutlery, non-slip mats and plate guards all help people try to feed them easier.

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  8. Recognise the effects of barriers, and influences on, communication

    Noise can be another hindering factor; if there is too much loud noise in the background one of the participants in the conversation may misunderstand what has been said, and if it is too quiet the service user may feel awkward speaking; therefore some quiet background music may help to relax the service user when speaking. The service user may also misinterpret what has been said if he or she has a hearing impairment; if the service user has a hearing impairment the carer will have to take this into account; they may have to speak much louder in which

    • Word count: 3816
  9. Statutory Provision for child care and education. Working with professionals and child centred learning.

    At the nurseries they also provide before and after school care and care for during the holidays. Having care provided for in the holidays help families as not all parents or carers can get time of work in holidays so they need some where for their children to go and be cared for. Voluntary section Voluntary is provided by unpaid volunteers. They are self funded organisations for children to learn life skills. 'Any surplus income is used to further their activities.'

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  10. Introduction to working with children. There are many different types of settings which provide care and education for children and families. The main three settings are the statutory sector, voluntary sector and private sector.

    These activities extend through sports and pastimes, music, art and drama, and are open to all children. The school promotes fitness and health and encourages children to participate in activities. The school also have a breakfast and after school club and a book club. These can benefit children and families' because if a parent or carer works full time then the child can go to the breakfast or after school club until parent/carer can collect the child and also parent/carer are assured that there child is getting a good balanced breakfast in the morning aswell. And if parents are in receipt of income support, job seekers allowance income based or child tax credit (if income less than �16,190 gross)

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  11. Describe the course of two physiological disorders as experienced by two different individuals.

    There are two types of diabetes; Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body's failure to produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas to help control levels of sugar in the blood; it usually appears before the age of 40. Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body not producing enough insulin or not using what it produces effectively. Karishma is showing some signs and symptoms of diabetes type 2. Now that Karishma has the signs and symptoms of diabetes she should refer to her GP to confirm this suspicion. When visiting the GP, the practitioner would ask how long Karishma has been experiencing her signs and symptoms and carry out some tests such as

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  12. n this piece of coursework I am going to focus on the case study of my child Marie. I am going to explain a range of factors that have affected and influenced Maries development in a physical, intellectual, linguistic, emotional and social matter.

    The factors I am going to discuss are; * Family * Economic circumstance * Environment * Education Family A family is a group of people in your life who you may be related to by blood, marriage or choice. A family is where you give each other emotional support and you help them whenever they need you. Family may be people you see daily or infrequently but the bond remains and stands the test of time, distance, and overrides almost any challenges. Belonging to a family can have many advantages. Each member can feel consistently accepted, valued, appreciated and loved.

    • Word count: 12309
  13. Child development - patterns of development. To increase my awareness and knowledge of a childs development, I am going to analyse and assess a case study based on a child called Marie.

    Marie's birth weight was 4 pounds 5.25 ounces, which is below the 'norm' for 7-8 pounds. Marie's height at birth was approximately 40cm, which again is below the average 'norm' of 48-50cm, because of this Marie to be put into an incubator and she was brought home after 10 days. My interpretation of this case study is basically, Marie has had a hectic childhood life because she has moved around a lot. She hasn't got two parents which isn't quite the "norm" and she has had to make friends and leave friends throughout her childhood because she had moved a lot.

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  14. Describe 4 examples of discriminatory practice

    This is a prime example of sex discrimination not allowing a man to be as equal as a female a nurse when examining ladies when in most cases the clients were not giving the choice of whether they were to have a male nurse practice on them, it was the NHS putting down these rules. The guardian (2006) Former male nurse wins sex discrimination case http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2006/jun/10/equality.health (accessed on 10/11/11) The Disability Discrimination Act makes it unlawful to discriminate against someone who has a disability.

    • Word count: 5007
  15. Explain the role of effective communication and interpersonal interaction in a health and social care context

    Argyle (1972) suggest that interpersonal communication was a skill that had to be learnt , he suggests that there are six stages involved in the cycle in order for it to work you cannot skip a stage. To use this cycle effectively it requires active listening which involves paying full attention to the person who is speaking. You would use effective formal communication when you interview or have an appointment you would use effective communication because you need to get your message clear to the person who will receive it and if got misunderstood it would be a breakdown of the communication cycle.

    • Word count: 3537
  16. This assignment will describe the different factors of development throughout stages of life, beginning from Contraception through to the final stages of life. It will highlight the four factors like, Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social developm

    2.) Pregnancy This is the process in which the female human carries a live offspring from conception until childbirth. Trimesters are the different stages of pregnancy and are split into three stages and take place around every three months. The first is called embryo, when the egg and sperm are multiplying to form the next stage which is called the foetal stage, after 6 months the final stage starts. This is when the baby has developed in full. Physical Within the first 30 days many physical developmental changes take place, such as baby's body is taking shape, within twenty five days the head and trunk have started to develop.

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  17. Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual.

    And then eventually at the age of 2, children may be able to run and to climb stairs one step at a time. Babies are born with a range of reflexes such as the sucking reflex to enable them to feed. These reflexes lead to 'motor actions' controlling body muscles. Learning to use senses, muscles and thinking without language is called the sensorimotor stage which is between birth to 11/2 or 2 years. The sensorimotor stage is a stage when thinking is limited to sensing objects and performing motor actions, infants begin to differentiate themselves from objects and achieve object permanence which means they begin to realise that things continue to exist even when no longer present to the sense.

    • Word count: 3276
  18. How to give support to a service user by taking and recording of pulse and temperature.

    * It can also find out why that individual might be feeling dizzy or having chest pains or sometimes short of breath. * To check how the blood is flowing after having an injury or if their blood vessel is blocked. * It can help check the medicines the care workers are giving to the service user and wether if it is the cause of slow heart rate. Ther might be people who will be recommended to check their pulse everyday in the morning if they are taking any medication such as digoxin.

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  19. Steve's Needs. Steve is a 20 year old male student; he lives away from home as he is in his final year at university. He doesnt exercise at all and he eats unhealthily. Steves housing is very dirty and messy therefore causing a lot of dust. This is

    Lastly for Steve's social health needs he needs to reassess his social life and stop going out more and maybe even find more supportive friends rather than people who find it funny that he gets into a complete state. Also he should take up a hobby in order to keep himself busy rather than turning to alcohol and causing himself harm. Steve should also think about how he spends his money and that he should stop spending it on alcohol and cigarettes and he should use it in a more useful way such as joining a gym or towards a hobby he may want to take up.

    • Word count: 4306
  20. Principles underpinning work of practitioner in early years. Legislation and reflective practise.

    There should be open communication to ensure everyone's views are listened to and considered fairly, always keeping the needs of the children firmly in mind" ` E2- Discuss TWO (2) issues which contribute to maintaining professional relationships with children and adults. Communication Communication is an essential part of most people's everyday lives. Without good information we would not gain information, form relationships or maintain friendships. Babies and adults rely on adults around them to be good interpreters of their body language and first words.

    • Word count: 4164
  21. Child care legislation, inclusion and encouraging self reliance.

    Race Relations Act 1976 The Race Relations Act 1976 aimed to define racial discrimination. In 2000 there was an amendment to the Race Relations Act which strengthened some of the requirements of the earlier legislation and make settings work towards racial equality. In practice this will mean that an organisation must be alert on how a setting promotes their service, recruits staff and make the service genuinely accessible to all. The Act defines two types of discrimination: 1. Direct Discrimination - where a person or organisation treats another person less favourably because of their colour, race, ethnic or racial origin.

    • Word count: 4754
  22. P2: Understanding how life factors and events may influence the development of the individual. Genetic predisposition to certain diseases

    Down's syndrome Those who have Down's syndrome tend to have similar physical characteristic like a rounded face but with flat profile, with eyes that slant upwards. Children who have this disease learn slower than other children and will reach milestones such a talking or walking later than other children, and they may not even be able to talk until they are two or three years old. If a person with Down's syndrome has support and treatment their life expectancy is 60 years old.

    • Word count: 3668
  23. Explain the importance of homeostasis in maintaining the healthy functioning of the body. examples from diabetes

    However during hypothermia if the cold tends to continue the body's automatic defence will try to prevent any heat loss through various ways and this could be through... * Shivering to make sure major organs stay at normal temperature, * Limiting blood flow to the skin, and * Releasing hormones in order to produce heat. Hypothermia is able to give skin damages, a person can only survive if the temperature is maintained stable within this series by balancing the heat made by metabolism with the heat lost to the environment for the most places it is the skin and lungs.

    • Word count: 3105
  24. P1 - Communication. Every year the health service receives many complaints from patients about poor, or lack of, communication from the nurses and doctors. There are many types of communications, and in this essay will be defining all the types of communi

    As this conversation goes on it is important that the boss makes the employee feel relaxed and happy to talk with the boss. It is important for the boss to greet the employee this could be done by saying ''good morning, how are you today?''. The employee will feel welcomed and will feel as if the boss wants to talk to him, after greeting and the warm up stage the boss can then start talking about the business matter. After this has been said, the boss should want to leave the employee with a good type of emotion, he might say '' I look forward to seeing you soon''.

    • Word count: 3677
  25. Development Of Life stages -pregnancy, childhood, old age.

    Every month, at least one week after her last period a woman releases an egg; it then travels to the fallopian tube. If the intercourse is taken during the time an egg has been released from the ovary, then the egg has possibilities in meeting the sperm. If this does take place the egg will become fertilised by the sperm and a new life will start. Pregnancy After fertilisation the single cell starts to divide after two or three days.

    • Word count: 5226

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