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  1. William Blake - Innocence represents the ideal state and experience represents the reality

    Yet this does not seem to prevent him from being innocent. The Shepherd has two stanzas. The first stanza reveals the idyllic state of innocence. Once again, it contains much pastoral imagery, and biblical symbolism, with the lamb and the shepherd, suggesting the human race is being looked after. However, the second stanza has a sense of foreboding. 'He is watchful while they are in peace' suggests that their peace is a temporary state - there is a threat of things changing. This indicates, that whilst innocence may seem like the ideal state, one cannot be innocent forever.

    • Word count: 1140
  2. Essay on William Blake

    This is conveyed through the use of multiple speakers and juxtaposition of metaphoric colors. In this poem a girl rebels against the church by choosing to love and engage in s****l relations before marriage, which is forbidden in the teachings of Christianity. Blake chooses to start the poem with speaker number one who directly addresses the readers. "Children of the future Age, / Reading this indignant page; / Know that in a former time, / Love! Sweet Love! was thought a crime."

    • Word count: 1404
  3. Free essay

    Carefully read the poem 'Washing Day' by Anna Laetitia Barbauld. Write an essay of not more than 1500 words in which you analyse the poem and comment on the poetic form and language used (for example rhyme, rhythm, metaphor, imagery, tone,word order, alli

    The preface is useful to our appreciation of the poem, its parallels (small and great and dreams and reality) and the premise of the cyclical pattern of life. This is a theme to which I shall return. The poem is written in a mock heroic epic format following an uneven iambic pentameter, with no end of line rhyming scheme. Associated to blank verse this style was commonly used by Shakespeare to depict the speech of high standing members of society, including the aristocracy and royalty, in his plays. In selecting this same format in conjunction with her references to classical themes, 'Muses', 'buskined' and 'Erebus' and use of the archaic word 'welkin', Barbauld elevates mundane domesticity to a status more associated with the writings of Milton in Paradise Lost.

    • Word count: 1855
  4. How does Blake use 'songs of innocence and experience' to express his views about solidity of his day and its institutions (the church, parenting

    This stayed the same for many years. William Blake was born in Golden Square, London on November 28, 1757 and died on August 12, 1827. He was born into a middle-class family. He was the third of seven children, who consisted of one girl and six boys, two of which died in infancy. Blake's father, James made tights for a living. Blake never attended school, he was taught at home by his mother. The Bible was an early and profound influence on Blake, and was a large source of inspiration.

    • Word count: 1540
  5. How does Blake convey his thoughts and feelings towards the treatment of children in the England of his day? In your answer, either make detailed references to one or two poems or range widely across the Songs:

    Symbolising childhood as a particular state of mind; one open to enjoyment and new experiences, through 'Nurse's Song' in Innocence, Blake presents an ideal of childhood, which at the time of composition was an extremely unorthodox view. He portrays the image of children successfully challenging the commands of their authority figure when he writes 'No, no, let us play, for it is yet day And we cannot go to sleep'... 'Well, well, go and play till the light fades away And then go home to bed'.

    • Word count: 1262
  6. "Blake's Poetry is multivocal, allusive and intertextual rather than directly expressive; philosophic rather than immediately intelligible

    Blake uses very soft and mostly monosyllabic words to create a very sombre and tender mood in this poem. The mild tone of the poem adds much to the beauteous image of the lamb that is being created. Throughout the description of the beauty of the lamb the question is also being posed of who created the lamb, as is evident in the opening two lines of the poem "Little Lamb, who made thee?"/"Dost thou know who made thee?" and by asking who gave the lamb all its beautiful qualities.

    • Word count: 1480
  7. Blake's "The Clod & the Pebble" - Innocence Vs Experience

    the Songs of Experience constitute the "voice of logic", the experience gained through the hardships and ordeals during the mature years in one's life. The voice of experience warns the innocent against the pain, injustice and cruelty of life and advises cautiousness. What is unique in this poem is that the two contrary visions are presented evenly in one poem. The Clod - the innocent and altruistic love - and the Pebble - the selfish and self-absorbed emotion - are given precisely the same extent in the poem to give their message to the reader and let them judge for themselves.

    • Word count: 1074
  8. Novel assessment: Heart Of Darkness.

    Or we could consider these white colonialists to be, in fact, the corrupting force acting in Africa, coming to plunder and rob the African people of their homeland and their possessions. These contrasting themes help us understand Kurtz and what he stands for. His development into a fundamentally tyrannical ruler seems to be a combination of many different blurred reasons. Perhaps he has been corrupted by the brutal and 'barbaric' people that inhabit the heart of the African content, this dark and untouched world that holds the innermost secrets and ancient evil myths of these people.

    • Word count: 1274
  9. The two poems ' The Chimney Sweeper', were written by William Blake. The two poems are telling the life of 'chimneysweepers'. 'Songs of Innocence' shows optimistic views and 'Songs of Experience' shows pessimistic views.

    Thirdly, the settings of both poems are similar, as they both seem to be set in winter. This is shown in 'Songs of Innocence' on line 23 where Tom awakes and sets off in the 'cold'. In 'Songs of Experience," there is a reference to 'snow' also showing winter. Furthermore both poems are written in first person, giving direct speech and allowing the reader to sympathise and empathise with the 'Chimneysweeps'. Finally the children's plight in each poem is the same, however the first poem, 'Songs of Innocence' expresses the children's plight in a positive way.

    • Word count: 1984
  10. According to Duxford, Icon, (1999:pg4-5) English Romanticism is described as a 'renaissance of the Renaissance' and included 'distinctly contemporary modes of thought'. This theory is evident throughout the work of the romanticist William Blake.

    Personification is evident throughout his work, and his use of biblical language appears to make his poems have a spiritual feel. His poems try to catch emotion, by being split into Songs of Innocence, and Songs of Experience. Songs of Innocence uses simple language, almost as if they were written for children, however, they were emphasising the souls perfect existence, until the child would become corrupted by civilisation. The latter, Songs of Experience, appeared to address a more confident approach whilst juxtaposing the innocent and pure world of childhood, against adulthood involving corruption.

    • Word count: 1363
  11. A103 Introduction to the Humanities

    This narrative poem is similar to a ballad form, as it tells its story. A third-person narrator stands back from the scene to report on events. The form of the poem uses iambic tetrameter lines, which provide a singsong rhythm. This helps to illustrate the harsh comparisons between rich and poor, as the poem flows back and forth between the two social classes. The poem has eleven quatrains, which leads us to ask if there is an "extra" quatrain (to the natural symmetry of an even number of stanzas).

    • Word count: 1663
  12. Comparative Studies

    To help me convey his views on the society that he lived in I have selected two poems. All of my chosen poems are taken from the 'Songs of Experience', which shows the world as he saw it, where 'iron laws' devised by Blake's grim god, crush 'the soul of sweet delight'. One critic said that 'Blake saw that there were many restrictions in his society; his voice is the voice of freedom'. This quote shows that Blake was not afraid to highlight reality in his society, it could be said that his poems do consist of 'harsh realism' which can be seen in 'The Chimney Sweeper' and 'The Little Vagabond'.

    • Word count: 1996
  13. How the two contrary states of human soul are reflected in the "Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience."

    The study of the poems in the two groups shows the two contrary states of human soul. In the 'Song of Innocence' Blake depicts the happiness and innocence of a child; to the child the world is a world of simplicity, innocence, purity, happiness and security. In this stage of life love radiates the human soul and it mitigates human sufferings. But the 'Songs of experience' are totally apart from the childlike vision of the 'Songs of Innocence'. The world in the 'Songs of experience' is a world of cruelty, tyranny, repression, evil, guilt and suffering.

    • Word count: 1462
  14. How do the poets of the late 1700s condemn the social conditions of their time? In your answer you should refer to five poems.

    The poem has a rhythmic structure similar to a nursery rhyme to subtly reflect the child's purity and innocence. William Blake cleverly creates a link between the innocent voice of the child and the cry of the chimney being swept. 'Scarcely cry weep weep weep weep'. This ironic comparison echoes the child's innocence in the readers mind. In the second stanza the poet emphasises the realism of these barbaric happenings. 'There's little Tom Dacre' Giving the child a name reminds the reader that the child is real and individual, enhancing the condemnation of the social conditions. On the same line Christ is linked with barbarism.

    • Word count: 1574
  15. Why and how do writers of English Literary and playful texts "break the rules of" English?

    Foregrounding is achieved, by breaking the rules of language, that is sound, grammar and meaning to place the reader in the text. Thus, the reader is surprised into seeing the image, hearing the sounds and feeling the emotions. The English Language is classified according to the way words are arranged in sequence and it is referred to as a subject verb object or SVO language. This is because the subject always comes before the verb and the object that is being referred to follows the verb.

    • Word count: 1588
  16. Analyze a variety of poems all which consist of childhood memories and reminisces of the past.

    There are many words in the poem that relate to innocence e.g. multitudes of lambs, white as snow. Also noticing in the title it is 'Songs Of Innocence.' While in 'Holy Thursday 2' the title is 'Songs of Experience.' The poem has a slightly different name but the theme is contradictive of the happiness of the children in Holy Thursday 1. Holy Thursday 2 talks about the children of poverty who are 'reduced to misery.' Casabianca on the other hand talks about the role model a child should have, in this case the boys role model happens to be his father, who passes away.

    • Word count: 1793
  17. Discuss the way Graham Greene's use of childhood informs your reading of the short stories.

    During childhood one may see the movement from innocence to experience, this is leaving the comfortable, secure world and entering the more complex, adult world of life. It appears that Greene's characters are taken into the uncomfortable, 'Shabby' world of experience. In some cases this crossing of the border between the two states is accidental, and this unprepared, unpleasant encounter may have an impact on the individuals life as an adult. As I will mention later, Phillip's accidental encounter with the adult world affects him psychologically.

    • Word count: 1971
  18. ICT and a working adult.

    Another on-line service Mrs Blake uses is banking. Mrs Blake pays her bills on-line again to save time. If Mrs Blake brings work home, it is usually to write family letters. Therefore, she will use Microsoft Word to produce these. To save her work she uses a memory stick, which she attaches to her key ring so she will not misplace it. She finds these a lot better than floppy disks because she always used to loose and break them. Another programme Mrs Blake uses at home is Picture it, Print it, where she produces thank you notes, cards for all occasions, invitations, and food menus.

    • Word count: 1129
  19. The Little Black Boy.

    The boy's concern with the English child suggests that he has been exposed to white culture and that probably, given the vast transport of blacks to England and America, he has been sent to England. He has lived among the white children while being neglected and discriminated by them. Through the expression, 'I am black, but O! my soul is white', we can see the boy unknowingly has a racial prejudice and Christian recognition that a soul is superior to a body.

    • Word count: 1717
  20. A Study of the work of William Blake; A Cradle song, Infant joy and Blossom.

    us to believe that this state of bliss can last forever, or is it intrinsic to the state of innocence that there will be future change, as with sleep we cannot forget the inevitable awakening? The lexis used is very soft and Blake uses many different rhyme schemes and literary techniques to create the sort of religious lullaby effect, and he uses this apparatus of the lullaby to create a harmonious feel, like the relationship between man and god. There are rhyming couplets in each quatrain, and in each one the phonology is soft with assonance - 'sweet dreams' - enjambment - 'sweet dreams form a shade, O'er my lovely infants head,' - and adjective strings - 'happy silent moony'.

    • Word count: 1168
  21. 'In songs of innocence and experience William Blake reveals the contrary states of human existence - What does his portrayal tell us about his experiences and those of humanity in general?

    The impression is given through research of the illustrious writer's background, that he was religious from a very young age as he was born in 1757 which was still, of course, a very religious time and at the age of just 4 he claimed to have received a vision of God's head in a window. Blake only had a sister called Catherine after his brother, Richard Blake, died in infancy in 1762 and John Blake also died in infancy; until Robert Blake was born (who later went on to die at the age of 21)

    • Word count: 1447
  22. Arundhati Roy's book, "The God of Small Things".

    We see in the later chapters how Estha does the exact same thing as Rahel. In a later chapter (when we jump back to the past), we learn that Ammu, Baby Kochamma, Chacko and the twins are going to Cochin, to pick up Margaret Kochamma and Sophie Mol. They are planning to the take Estha and Rahel to see "The Sound of Music" the twins' favorite movie. The excitement they show on the way there emphasizes on how children can only think of one thing and nothing else when they are about the do something very exciting for them.

    • Word count: 1844
  23. The following poem comparisons are from the book "Songs of Innocence and Experience by William Blake".

    At the top a woman in a green dress glides along the plant towards some children. It is thought that this plate is the contrary plate to "A Divine Image" which was produced much later in his life during the war with France. "A Divine Image", exhibits the very opposite of the attributes that were described in the Innocence version. Blake shows all his violent feelings in the illustration, which is of a craftsman furiously hammering the sun, which is pinned to the anvil.

    • Word count: 1195
  24. An analysis of William Blake's The Chimney Sweeper.

    The stanza finishes by describing the poor conditions that the child has to live in. The second stanza then goes on to describe another chimney sweeper called Tom Dacre, a child who is crying because his hair has just been shaved off, the other child comforts Tom, telling him that his hair colour will no longer be spoiled by the soot. The description "That curl'd like a lamb's back" tells us that the children are treated like farm animals, and have no say in their life.

    • Word count: 1224
  25. How does Blake use form, structure and language for effect in the Songs of Innocence?

    The use of exclamatives, 'O!', 'Sound the Flute!' also give a child-like quality to the poems but can also make them seem quite remorseful. This is one of the main effects of the poems. The children are innocent but also unaware and disillusioned which gives a strong effect of the corruption that Blake expresses. The use of animals, especially when aspects of nature such as the animals talk, in "Night" and "A Dream" and a tree in "The Blossom", make the poems seem very mystical and fantastical.

    • Word count: 1125

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Wordsworth's Prelude in relation to ONE OR MORE of the following: spots of time; the epic; history; childhood; nature.

    "It is possible, then to see Blake's visionary world in a number of ways; as purely concerned with the mental recreation of Eden, as a comment on and presentation of social values, or as a combination of the two. There appears to be in my opinion an inextricable link between the two polemic interpretations of his visions. A coherent social context is unavoidably necessary to permit intelligibility, and usually, as in Blake's case, political and social change are the motivating factors that inspire the need to master reality through art."

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