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AS and A Level: British History: Monarchy & Politics

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  1. How far do you agree that the Personal Rule in England (1629-1640) was a success in finance but a failure in religion?

    Some, but limited, comment for the most part, be unsupported and generalist 1 (1-5) question has not been properly understood limited organisational and communication skills irrelevant or extremely limited unsupported, vague or generalist comment Start your answer here: Whilst government debt was reduced by £1 million during this period, the reliance on unsustainable short-term methods of revenue collection which failed to provide a long-term solution to the financial weaknesses of the Crown meant that in regard to finance the Personal Rule was a partial failure. The religious policy pursued during the Personal Rule not only failed to establish conformity in religious belief among his subjects, which was Charles’ intention, but induced such hatred from large swathes of the Charles’ subject that by 1640 radical puritanism entered mainstream thought of the political nation.

    • Word count: 1617
  2. The handling of the Finances was King Henry VII's most successful domestic achievement. How far do you agree?

    An important inducement depicting this is Feudal Dues. This is where the King keen to emphasise his value as King asserted his Feudal rights upon the Nobility and set out commissions of inquiry to re-establish his Feudal rights which included Ward ship where the estates of the minors were placed under royal control of the crown until the minors came of age and during the meantime, the estates would be exploited to the maximum extent to increase the profits made by the crown.

    • Word count: 819
  3. Gladstone misunderstood the Irish question. This is why his Irish policy failed. Discuss.

    Gladstone faced the Irish question with this same conviction during his first government. Thus it was not for lack of effort that his Irish policy failed. Rather it was the way in which he went about reforming the three main areas of concern: land, religion and education. In certain areas he misunderstood the issues at the heart of the Irish question. In others, by the time his bills had past both houses, they were so diluted by amendments that little of his policy remained. It may have been a combination of these factors, fundamental misunderstanding, poor implementation and lack of party unity, that doomed his Irish policy to failure.

    • Word count: 1174
  4. What best explains the problems Henry III faced in England after 1258?

    Developments in local government were certainly an important factor for Henry?s problems after 1258, as many resented these developments, particularly the gentry. Their rise in power and influence in the twelfth and early thirteenth century led them to resent the changes that Henry had brought about during his personal rule which threatened their influence in the localities. They resented the appointment of foreigners and men from outside the county as sheriffs who ?abused their special privileges and enjoyed unfair economic advantages over their English-born neighbours and co-workers?[1] through the increments they collected, which I agree with as at this point

    • Word count: 2244
  5. Explain why the Corn Laws were repealed in 1846

    Peel also saw no good economic reason as to why the Corn Laws should not be repealed and it was this strategic thinking that got many on-side and enabled the repealing of the Corn Laws. Another significant reason can be traced back to the success of the 1842 budget.

    • Word count: 467
  6. How far was Lord Liverpool's government a reforming one in the years 1822 to 1827?

    The Jails Act meant that the government had reformed the conditions under which prisoners were kept ? conditions which had previously been unregulated and inhumane. These are but a few pieces of evidence that prove that Lord Liverpool?s government was a reforming one. Nevertheless, the government refused to reform several aspects of life regarding the middle and lower class. The poor lived in squalor, in polluted cities with very poor public health. Nothing was done about this. Therefore, it can be argued that many of the reforms that took place served the interests of the rich rather than the poor.

    • Word count: 1058
  7. Causes and Consequences of the Elizabethan Settlement

    Thus Elizabeth I needs to have only one main religion in England that will unify Protestants and Catholics. An example of Government having the pressure for uniformity is when religious changes caused rebellions in the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI. Hence, the most important cause of the Elizabethan Settlement is the Government pressure for uniformity to avoid foreign wars and rebellions. Another vital long term and political cause of the Elizabethan Settlement was the pressure from foreign powers because England was at war with Catholic France. Making England too Protestant could provoke an invasion by the French Army in Scotland.

    • Word count: 1166
  8. Explain the role played by the Duke of Northumberland in the Edwardian religious reforms of 1550-1553

    In 1550 Bishop Ridley of London carried out a campaign to move altars away from the east end of churches and into the nave where they were used as communion tables. This was designed to stress that Christ was not actually present under the forms of bread and wine in the Eucharist ceremony, in line with the teachings of the Calvinists and other reformed churches. In January 1552, to enforce doctrinal uniformity, a new Treason Act was passed which made it an offence to question any of the articles of faith of the Church of England.

    • Word count: 613
  9. Explain the role played by Thomas Cranmer in achieving the Royal Divorce

    Furthermore, it was said that Henry had a positive duty to regain the control over church and state that was written of in the Collectania. Henry?s own notes on the document prove that he was aware of its existence and that he was intelligent enough to know what it implied. It became apparent that the only way to get a divorce would be through statute law through king in parliament.

    • Word count: 573
  10. Explain the religious reforms made by Mary I

    England was returned to the religion of the last year of Henry VIII?s reign, including transubstantiation and the Act of Six Articles In November 1554 Cardinal Reginald Pole returned to England and was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury. In the same month the Second Act of Repeal recreated the Church settlement of 1547 as well as removing all anti-Papal legislation including the removal of the Act of Supremacy, thus restoring papal supremacy. In 1554 all the heresy laws were re-enacted and from 1555 were used to track down and execute those Protestants who refused to give up their faith.

    • Word count: 752
  11. Using these three sources in their historical context, assess how far they support the view that Churchill was out of touch with mainstream politics in 1929-40?

    Appeasement was highly popular in Britain because a lot British people didn?t desire another World War. They didn?t want a repeat of a total war that had affected everyone finically, physically, socialising and emotionally. Baldwin losing the election to a Labour candidate can be point to show that Churchill is out of touch with mainstream politics because Baldwin and Churchill had the same views on rearmament. The British public voting for Labour and not the Conservative, who were campaigning for rearmament, is an indication that people had favoured appeasement over rearmament.

    • Word count: 1439
  12. Churchills attitudes towards empire was the main reason why he was out of office 1929-40. How far do you agree?

    This meant that Churchill viewed people that are not white to be uncivilised and not able to govern themselves. The government of India Act allowed more Indians the right to vote and have a federal government, which would be governed internal. Churchill viewed this as the British status and control in her empire decreasing. Other minor factors would be the abdication of the King Edward VIII, rearmament, Randolph Churchill and the tension of the Second World War. Churchill's views and attitudes of India clashed with those of the government and his own party. Churchill's behaviour to the reforms into India led to a serious of problems with Baldwin and the Conservative leadership.

    • Word count: 752
  13. Anne Boleyn was the most important person in bringing about the Kings divorce in the years 1529 - 33. Discuss. (24 marks)

    Boleyn introduces Henry to these ideas by giving him a book titled ?obedience of christian men? written by W.Tyndale. Once Henry has read this book it gives him the idea of wanting to gain him own power in being able to run his own country, so leads him gaining power over law and giving his the authority divorce Catherine and marry Boleyn. So if it wasn't for Boleyn Henry may not of had the idea in the first place to challenge the authority of the Pope over the King.

    • Word count: 1460

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