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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. Original Writing - Prose: A life changing moment.

    "What sweetie?" Linda's eyes met with the child's, her face was cheerful. "Can I have some coco pops please?" "Of course you can sweetheart, but you'll have to get them yourself, mummy's got a lot of forms to fill out" "Ok, thanks mummy." The child lovingly pecked her on the cheek and skipped off into the kitchen while Linda pondered on how something as simple as cereal could bring such joy to her young sons life, her mind then skipped to thinking about how unusually quiet her other son tom seemed to be.

    • Word count: 4314
  2. School's Out.

    She'd won. Rubbing the sleep from my eyes, I hopped out of bed and slumped onto the floor. I reached over and knocked the alarm clock to my feet. I glimpsed at the time and let out a lazy groan - I was late. "You ready?" I could hear Jen's screaching even though she was waiting outside. "I know. I'm late. just give me a couple of secs!" I sighed heavily as I grabbed hold of my coat, carelessly stumbling over a pile of discarded knickers on the carpet and dived out of the door to meet Jen.

    • Word count: 3157
  3. A Life in the Day of…

    I'll kill him! My anger is finally ceased by my mothers' harmonious voice "What are you doing up there? Come on get a move on!" I know how much she has done for me but every morning without fail she tells me to 'get a move on'. The thing is, she hardly gives me a chance to get out of bed, never mind do anything else! Do you not think all mothers are like that though? Everything has to be done at their speed and not ours because our pace is supposedly far too slow. They are always on overdrive.

    • Word count: 4518
  4. The Journeyman.

    It is never an easy task to accept a position that you do not believe should be yours. Since the day of her birth, Queen Baneya Hades had been ruling over the small planet of Calandia, and had never in her life experienced a day without the pressures of leadership. She found it impossible to comprehend what was wrong with her life. She was young, powerful and beautiful. All she knew was that something was missing. There was never going to be a realisation, because throughout her life everything had been the same.

    • Word count: 5232
  5. Trompworth to Janto.

    Many people frowned upon this until they went to look themselves and see how a child could really benefit from enjoying themselves at the place they went to learn. The sun glistened through the tress but did not give Jim or Tim even the slightest feeling of warmth. The amount of leaves on the path that they made got greater as the two went deeper into the woods as if the forest itself wanted them to loose their way. It didn't matter however since they both knew the path well and would have surely noticed if they somehow managed to stray.

    • Word count: 4381
  6. Past Dreams – Future Memories

    It was at this point that Maggie would wake up in a cold sweat. Weeks passed, and the manor and its grounds grew white with frost and snow, but inside there was a warm and friendly atmosphere, emphasised by the glowing embers of the fires. The small family was happy and merry as Christmas neared, however, Maggie's sleep worsened. Her dream had changed, and instead of being chased by the pale girl, she was chasing a younger girl. The younger girl had a likeness of Maggie about her, but it may have been just coincidence.

    • Word count: 3492
  7. Rural Love, Life and Labour.

    She told us that he did not die in pain, but peacefully. I'm not too sure about that. Sometimes it makes me wonder. Father's death left us, as a family, devastated. However, Mother insisted that Father would have wanted us to carry on with our lives, and not dwell on the what-might-have-been. She took up the role of looking after the crops Father had left behind. For the first few months things actually felt as though they were getting better. Then the draught came. No rain fell for months and nothing would grow.

    • Word count: 7079
  8. Our Journey to the New World.

    After their long miserable ride from Jackson things moved pretty fast. By late afternoon they were set up in two little rooms on Mudd Street. And Pa found a job with the New West Harness Company. Martha and Ma had supper ready. They all crowded around the table and joined hands. Pa said grace and they all said "Amen." After supper Ma spread two blankets on the floor for Martha and Billy. Pa and Ma and Bob took the big bed in the other room. And everyone was sound asleep. Pa worked all day at the New West Harness Company.

    • Word count: 4395
  9. War of the Zumas.

    His muscles tensed as they drove through the thick flesh of the Zuma's neck, and relaxed slightly as the sword came back to his side, his body now fully facing his opposer. In battle it was not enough to see the enemy, you had to feel his presence if you wanted to survive. Thankfully, Zuma's had particularly loud breathing, which made sneak attacks very hard for them. He turned back to where the wizard had been, but she was long gone.

    • Word count: 4131
  10. Love is just a dream. Dreams are not reality?

    He didn't know what he was doing wrong that made him such an outsider. His heart was aching and he could feel it, badly. He looked at the ceiling and mumbled many words to himself, "Why, why did you create me if I was to have no peace, why?" All of a sudden, Samir let out a deafening cry, his visions went hazy, his words went quieter and he fell into a serene sleep. Samir found himself in front of Catherine. In a deserted road with no one about. "You were in my mind from the first day my eyes set upon you; From then on I knew my love was true.

    • Word count: 5202
  11. The Jerry Show.

    The Soddentians were pissed. They were a race of huge people. They had to be to survive Soddentian winters. They would spend many a happy hour huddled around a roaring fire shivering in self-defense against relentless cold and furious winds, appreciating their fat, making fun of others with less girth, scraping layers of grime off their loved ones. Evolution forgot to help the Soddentians adapt to the new climate, for which It was given a severe spanking with a hair brush, which meant that the Soddentians were now extremely ill-suited for life on their own planet.

    • Word count: 7652
  12. Cinderella, a modern tale.

    Ursula, now Mrs. Jones, was not at all happy about George having a daughter as it meant she had to share George's attentions with another person, something she had never had to do before. Along with Ursula also came her two very trashy daughters Tina and Tanya. They were as jealous of Cindy as their mother. Cindy had been a very sweet young girl and had grown up into a very attractive young woman. Although Cindy herself was not aware of her beauty the twins knew all too well that they were ugly ducklings next to Cindy's swan.

    • Word count: 7100
  13. Bangers 'n' mash.

    Only thing was, that was easier said than done, Soho had changed a lot over the past six years and finding the four lads was gonna be a lot like trying to find a fart in a Jacuzzi. Didn't phase me though, I was determined to find them, and attend to some unfinished business. The same day I paid a little visit to Bobby Carter, my North London contact. If anyone knew where the infamous four were, it'd be him.

    • Word count: 13239
  14. Writing to narrate - Not What It Seems.

    And that's when I knew what my mum was getting herself into. It wasn't the only time either. There was a second date, then the third, the fourth and it went on. They even took me along to dinner once. I guess it was Bill's idea to win me over, as I wasn't showing too much enthusiasm towards him. The dinner was dreadful. The food was an under cooked imitation of Indian Cuisine, the coke was flat and I had to listen to Bill and his awful jokes all night long. And every time he would come to pick my mum up, for those five minutes, I would have to be that dog for him.

    • Word count: 5690
  15. Choices - creative writing

    However, at around 15, gradually our personalities began to differ. Kelly was into boys, make-up and clothes, whereas I was into music, food and television. We still conversed, but the spark that we had encountered at the beginning of our friendship just was not there anymore. We did not feel the need to be around each other constantly. It was sad, and we both had noticed it, but we did not let it jeopardise the little communication we had left with each other. We both acquired more friends outside our own friendship, which in a way helped me, but not Kelly.

    • Word count: 5145
  16. Innocence - creative writing.

    I said, throwing a quizzical look at Mandy. 'Don't worry, Tom, I'll explain it all to you later.' It was worse than having a baby sister. Hamish continued, 'Water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen. Hydrogen has a valency of +1 and oxygen a valency of -2. Therefore, two hydrogen atoms are needed to balance the Valencies; hence the formula H2O. You've all heard of H2O, haven't you?' A voice came from the back of the class. 'Is it like an A to Z, sir?' 'Don't be stupid, Keane,' retorted the Scotsman, 'Now copy down the formulas while I get on with preparing an experiment for Year Nine.

    • Word count: 3725
  17. Each year my family and I go on holiday and this year we decided to go to New York on the luxury cruise liner Titanic.

    I was told that it had every luxury available and as a bonus we were going to be one of the first to use the facilities on board. I was told that the 1st class passengers got the best treatment and were able to dine in the finest hall on board the incredible ship. I had only one fear about travelling on the Titanic; I hated ships, every time I got on one I thought it was going to sink, but after reading all the leaflets about the Titanic my fear disappeared as I read that the Titanic was 'the unsinkable ship'.

    • Word count: 4396
  18. Clean Cut Misfit.

    Jason would ask his father to give him a lift. Jason hung up, got up off the floor, and stood up, his tall, slim frame casting along shadow across his darkened bedroom. His long, dark brown hair fell across his face and over his eyes. He brushed it away and went to get a shower. Ten minutes later, he got out and dried himself off. He trudged into his bedroom - the curtains still shut - and opened his wardrobe. He chose his new red No Fear T-shirt, and his navy blue Fubu jeans, got dressed, pulled on his black beanie hat, adjusted his lip ring, and went downstairs to have a quick breakfast.

    • Word count: 3364
  19. Oceans of Sand.

    President Minton P.S *Applies if received on the 23rd Desember 2042 "WHOOA!" I said to myself. As I completed reading this it set off a microsm in my head of what this nightmare could end out like. It was as if there was a huge catzenjammer in my head whenever I even had a glimpse of the vision of the trial. I've never won a trial, partly because of me never being able to have a descent lawyer, Jim was the only lawyer that would work for me, and I appreciate that, but he's just a lawyer that tries to get by on some things that are total rubbish!

    • Word count: 3661
  20. The Big Secret.

    She came running past him and leapt into the tall man's arms, as he stepped through the doorway. "Careful Soph, you nearly sent me flying," he told her in a deep, mysterious voice. "I've missed you!" "Really? I've missed you she replied excitedly. Simon pretended to vomit. "You're only jealous!" She laughed, leading the man into the kitchen. "Of him? Yeah, of course I am," he smiled ironically, walking into the living room and changing the channel. Two hours later, Sophie and Gary came down the stairs. He was a giant of a man with huge hands and a beer belly, but he had very big arms, which was mostly muscle.

    • Word count: 3097
  21. The house of my dreams.

    We had gone to Graventine Park and I had spent the whole day in his arms. We would usually go to the park because it was the only place where we got some peace and quiet. Graventine Park was a big park near my house. It was where I had taken him on our first date. Graventine Park and me are like old friends. We share so many memories. I had spent most of my childhood there and most of my young adult life. It was the place I would go to whenever I needed to clean my head or get some fresh air.

    • Word count: 3023
  22. The Cover-Up.

    It was from mum. She wanted me to go to dinner with her and the new 'partner'. There was some (and I quote) 'delightful young man' whom she wanted me to meet. Maybe going for a drink with Doug wasn't such a bad idea after all. A re-release of a hit track by the Beach Boys is what I had to awake to the next morning along with a weather report, which stated that yes in fact, it was going to be yet another wet and windy day. Where was all the snow and bitter cold winds that I had been looking forward to ever since I moved out here?

    • Word count: 3680
  23. A Boy and His Dream !!!

    They were not judged by the kind of person they were as they gained the respect of others in totally the wrong manor, they gained the respect by there enormously extravagant bank account and how they can push manipulate and intimidate others with their money. People in the north would once again not stand tall against a higher party than themselves they would merely retreat from them showing fear and letting the opposed smell it almost like a shark smelling blood from a mile away.

    • Word count: 3311
  24. A life in the day of...

    After that I put my school uniform on, my white polo shirt, black trousers and my black sweater. I pick up my big black bag which I had packed last night and once again walk downstairs to the chaos of everyone getting ready for work or school. I can see the steam coming out of my parent's head from the stress and rush of the morning. I pick up a shining, shark, silver knife from the kitchen and a loaf of bread from the kitchen and make myself a nutella sandwich. Its 8:15 and I have the long walk of approximately twenty metres to get to my bus stop, also known as a video shop.

    • Word count: 3036
  25. My Mum!

    Just for you. Don't know why. Well, unless you're looking down on us from up there. I hope you're up there. You deserve to be up there, you've done nothing wrong. You're a good mum. Still. I know I didn't tell you enough but I do love you. But it's too late to tell you now. I know that, but I had to tell you. They've caught the evil man who did this. He has gone to prison, for life, well until he comes out, he probably will.

    • Word count: 3135

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