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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe a local park

    3 star(s)

    This is what usually happens in my local park. This was the brief description about my local park. However, there is more. It is summer, the sun is happy and is shining all over the place. People come out and play football, cricket etc. Old people come out as the weather is welcoming them and they jog or cycle on the walking tracks. People come to the park with their families. There is a wide variety of plants and trees to look at. There is a nursery in the park with healthy plants.

    • Word count: 822
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Character Studies in the Ruby in the Smoke

    3 star(s)

    This shows her lack of decisiveness and most of the novel portrays Sally in this fashion. Sally often seems to feel vulnerable in the novel; this quotation shows us this: 'Sally nearly quailed ... and took a step backwards in fright' In the balance of the last three quotations Sally Lockhart can be seen as a weak, powerless and indecisive heroine but Sally's part in the novel has much more to it. Sally proves to be resourceful to the Garlands: 'Wouldn't it be possible to tell a story in pictures?'

    • Word count: 1935
  3. Marked by a teacher

    How does Shakespeare show the changing relationship between Juliet and her parents in Act 3 Scene 5?

    3 star(s)

    However, at the time this sort of behaviour would be no surprise, the relationships were indeed very restricted. The parents played little part in raising their kids; the child's care was the role of a nanny or nurse (even breast feeding was done by the nanny). Thus, the obvious bond of love that builds and strengthens through childhood between the parents and Juliet is missing. This sort of formality would seem strange to an audience today but it was common practice in the 1590s. Thus, the role of the Nurse is very important, throughout the play. The Nurse is the motherly figure for Juliet instead of Lady Capulet.

    • Word count: 2159
  4. Marked by a teacher

    The Snow Globe

    3 star(s)

    This Place Where ever I was the most beautiful wonderful place I had ever been. There was snow, snow as far as the eye could see tall winding trees with the sun beaming on them making the snow glisten and over the big hill there were little huts and a village, there were little footprints in the snow and everything covered in a beautiful white blanket it was stunning, I was so amazed and astounded I didn't even think about the coldness.

    • Word count: 1195
  5. Marked by a teacher

    On the sidewalk bleeding continuation

    3 star(s)

    Now he knew they had just used him to hurt the Royals. Tom reached his front door and delved into his pocket for his door key; it wasn't there. It must have fallen out during the fight. He didn't want to knock, because he would have to wake up his parents, so he ran round to the back of the house and climbed up the pipe next to the garbage. Fortunately, his bedroom window was open and he climbed through. He threw himself onto his bed. Tom was scared. He didn't want to go to prison. He just wanted to be happy.

    • Word count: 607
  6. Marked by a teacher

    'Revenge is Sweet'.

    3 star(s)

    Alice replied "Well that would be telling," I said. I gave Alice these soppy eyes that would of then hopefully made her agree to come back later. " Ben. I don't have a clue what you are up to, but when I come back it better have been worth the wait. I'm so tired!" she said " Oh that's great. Thanks babe, come back at 8", I replied. The eyes obviously worked then I thought to myself. As I peered through the window to make sure she had actually gone, she was calling some one on her mobile.

    • Word count: 910
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Creative Writing - A love so true.

    3 star(s)

    Restraining myself because the elders were there, I took her hand and squeezed it gently to let her know that I felt the pain in her heart. She looked into my eyes and then fell into my arms. Then she threw all restrain and sobbed and sobbed and sobbed. I could not hold back my tears and started crying too. A few of our friends who had just arrived, threw their arms around her and all of us huddled together and cried.

    • Word count: 615
  8. Marked by a teacher

    Lord of the Flies - Letter from Ralph

    Jack was the leader of choir; he was an arrogant and unpleasant fellow. Then we had a meeting and I was declared as the ruler and Jack and the other choir boys went hunting for something to eat. While the other boys were hunting I was trying to maintain some remnants of civilization. Later on some of the younger boys believed that they saw a "beastie" on the island. This beast scared all of us. We had many fears on that island, but needed to remember that they could not let us get in the way of what was important to us.

    • Word count: 1172
  9. Marked by a teacher

    Commentary on 'The Explorer's Daughter

    Compared to her family and other local Inuits she is certainly sentimental with mixed, contradictory emotions. She confesses herself - 'in that split second my heart leapt for both hunter and narwhal.' She can't help but to feel urged and breathless for ironically both of the opposing characters. Narwhals are portrayed as nutritious and beneficial consumables that local people eat and live on, while they're hinted as mild and gentle creatures who 'do not use the tusk to break through ice as a breathing hole, nor will they use it to catch or attack prey, but rather the primary use seems to be to disturb the top of the sea bed.'

    • Word count: 547
  10. Marked by a teacher

    My most unforgettable Trip occurred about 3 years ago during the summer vacation, when I and my sister were embarking on our journey to Spain due to relocation.

    We waited for a long period of time to find the perfect car that would fit our luggage but they seemed to too small or parked up. My aunty who was going to accompanied me and my sister to the airport got so angry because she tend to get very hot tempered because we didn't have a very long period of time to waste before our plane could take off because the journey from were we where to the airport was about 3 hours long.

    • Word count: 792
  11. Peer reviewed

    Describe the scene of a school lunch hall

    5 star(s)

    As the room fills, the shouts, yells and vague discussion coming from the hoard of tatty teenagers rise to a pitch and volume that could shame a football crowd. Wanting to live up to their reputation, the children continue their barrage of sound, undeterred by the half-hearted efforts of their teachers. Finally, however, as the initial rush of eager bodies reduces, the disruption falls to a minimum and the children split off into groups. At the centre of one such gathering sits a rather plain girl putting up with the unwanted attention of several of her social superiors.

    • Word count: 629
  12. Peer reviewed

    Creative Writing - Gratuitous Vengeance

    5 star(s)

    We can get acquainted." "It's not that easy kid. So no, you can't just 'come along'. Get out of here you weasel faced low life." "Weasel faced? Low life? Who do you think you are?" "I'm Derrick, but nobody cares who you are." He walked up to me and out of nowhere he hurled his humongous fists furiously. "Don't come back, loser!" He was a menace, and he was immensely unintelligent, because to have the audacity to do that, was a catastrophic mistake... At that point my vendetta for him began. Now I would exact his punishment. But how? When?

    • Word count: 1576
  13. Peer reviewed

    Cloning Informative Speech. As the technology used to clone mammals improves, it becomes more and more likely that humans could one day be clones as well.

    5 star(s)

    Also, cloning could be used in future to preserve endangered species, which is an ever increasing threat to some populations in our world. The first cloned mammal was Dolly the sheep, cloned in 1996. This experiment is probably one of the most controversial in the science of cloning. The procedure involved implanting a nucleus from one sheep into the egg cell of another, and therefore cloning the sheep from which the nucleus was from. This was a major development in this particular field of science, however with it, it carried many ethical issues.

    • Word count: 589
  14. Peer reviewed

    Not an Egselent day for eggs. Appalling revelations of animal battery farming.

    5 star(s)

    The four month investigation consisted of hiding and monitoring cameras placed around the site as well as taking hygienic tests within and around the premises. The cameras revealed disturbing videos of the hens being electrocuted resulting in to the bone melting to form the shell of eggs. Also it was recorded that the hens were laying five eggs per week, thats 300 per year.

    • Word count: 459
  15. Peer reviewed

    Original Writing, Tonight

    5 star(s)

    I roughly fold the paper into half, shove it into my jean pockets, with some difficulty, and finish off the can of coke I was drinking. I go to fling it in the bin, but I stop. Holding it in my hands, it looks so nice, so glamorous, the white of the logo shining and contrasting so vividly from the velvet red of the can. I laugh; everything about this night has been so sentimental, false and pretentious. The coke can rebounds off of the side of the bin and joins the myriad of other waste in the bin, as was originally intended.

    • Word count: 1819
  16. Peer reviewed

    In the text "The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time" the author Mark Haddon is able to gain our sympathy for and our understanding of Christopher because we learn to see things from his perspective. Discuss.

    5 star(s)

    Christopher's mother left. Although there is no doubt Christopher's mother shows tenderness and devotion towards him, as is expressed in her desire to communicate with him though letters and her need to connect with him on a physical and an emotionally deeper level "Let me hold your hand" (p194) she still chose to leave Christopher. Christopher's mother chose to leave for several reasons, the most prominent of which was Christopher's condition. Christopher has not had a normal childhood and his parents have not had an average parenting experience.

    • Word count: 863
  17. Peer reviewed

    Descriptive essay - Description of a fun fair and guidelines on writing about a football match.

    4 star(s)

    They were steel giants reaching for the sun. Once inside, the braver kids ran towards the first rollercoaster. It zipped back and forth across the queue as fast as a bullet. Those sat at the front screamed the loudest, their eyes bulging like frogs, as the wind howled into their faces. Hands gripped the safety bars like a vice as the shuttle suddenly flipped upside down. One formerly cocky boy, immediately felt nauseous, his confidence knocked and his turned face a sickly green colour.

    • Word count: 518
  18. Peer reviewed


    4 star(s)

    If people still always eating shark's fin soup, the sharks may on the verge of extinction. The number of sharks caught is unsustainable. This means that we are killing sharks faster than they can reproduce. Shark is on the top of the food chain, it will affect the entire marine ecosystem. Because of that, we should use bird to instead of shark. Bird's nest soup is a delicacy in Chinese cuisine. A few species of swift, the cave swifts, are renowned for building the saliva nests used to produce the unique texture of this soup.

    • Word count: 431
  19. Peer reviewed

    Liar. A girl was sitting on the hospital bed, her eyes was looking down on her swaying feet. She caught my attention.

    4 star(s)

    Suddenly, she looked up and met my eyes. Her pensive expression revealed a sea of mournfulness. I turned around and dashed away as fast as I could. Trepidation gobbled up my mind. I asked my mother, who was a doctor in the department that the girl was in, about the girl's health status. That poor girl was suffering from a malignant cancer and she would leave our world any time soon. Sympathy grew in me.

    • Word count: 412
  20. Peer reviewed

    Describing Canada - geography, food and language.

    4 star(s)

    This has been Canada's National Anthem since 1967. Every school in the nation must stand up for the playing of Oh Canada every morning. Before Oh Canada, "God Save The Queen" (Which is currently Britain's national anthem) was the national Anthem of Canada, however in the 1960's it was changed to Oh Canada because the parliament believed it had more significance to Canada. Canada is also home to many famous successful music artists such as Justin Bieber, Drake and Avril Lavinge. Canada has adapted two national languages, English and French.

    • Word count: 693
  21. Peer reviewed

    Diary of a geek. Dear Diary, Today was my first day in my new school and I would like to share my experiences with you.

    4 star(s)

    I was late for school - when I entered the class I saw about 25 students already seated. Taking my first steps into the class I heard a huge outburst of derisive laughter, accompanied by taunts directed by me. I seemed to have appealed to the mean streak in those students, and was the object of their ridicule, with words like "nerd"," geek" and "loser" being thrown at me. I was astonished at this seemingly strange reaction, which deflated my high spirits. Nevertheless I tried to ignore it and went and sat quietly in one lonely corner of the class.

    • Word count: 1149
  22. Peer reviewed

    Describe a shopping centre when it is closed and when it is open

    4 star(s)

    Outside a well off couple sauntered past, rather ostentatious in their attire and rather arrogant in their parlance. Disgusted at the apparent tackiness of a nearby fast food chain, they complained loudly to a young, helpless member of staff and demanded to speak to the manager. With sparkling diamonds dangling from her ears, the woman was rather embarrassed to be told sarcastically to find a snobbier restaurant then. Well what would you have done in the manager's position? Through the glass roof the golden sun beamed brilliantly from high up in a vividly blue sky totally absent of clouds.

    • Word count: 596
  23. Peer reviewed

    Red Head Me. All I saw was what I hated most, the thing that made me an outcast, why the girls laughed and the boys never looked at me. My red hair.

    4 star(s)

    When I began secondary, I desperately hoped I could have friends and get on with life without the name-calling. I hoped I could be happy for once and forget all of the nonsense of childhood. However, my hopes of a social life diminished almost immediately. I remember sitting in a class full of people I'd never seen before, watching them chatting away excitedly, the realisation hit me like a train. They all knew each other from primary. They all had friends and I didn't.

    • Word count: 1353
  24. Peer reviewed

    The Shawshank redemption film review:

    4 star(s)

    One of the most brilliant things about this character is that he doesn't break sweat even when the captain has him dangling from the edge of the factory ceiling because he thinks that you need to either, "get busy living or get busy dying". The audience get to perceive and understand the story because most of it is narrated by Morgan Freeman (Red). I believe that he is perfect for this role because his persona emphasises the idea of experience and moral understanding.

    • Word count: 558
  25. Peer reviewed

    Write about an occasion when you made a difficult decision and then regretted it afterwards.

    4 star(s)

    It would be a never ending torture of nasty ridicule and dreadful insults and I was not about to let that happen all over again. "What are you waiting for?" There was a hard iciness in his tone now. It became a tough battle between my moral conscience and selfish desires. Images of the torture emerged in my mind, one after another, again and again, faster and faster. I shook my head wildly in frustration.

    • Word count: 564

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