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GCSE: Audience and Production Analysis
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- Marked by Teachers essays 19
Analyse the methods used to make the opening battle sequence of Saving Private Ryan both shocking and realistic, and say how effective you find it as an introduction to the film.
There was no other film like this and there has been nothing like this since in terms of realism and intensity of battle. The opening 24-minutes are split into 4 distinct sections, each with specific features: The Transition from the Present to the Past, The Instant Chaos, Captain Miller's confusion and The End of the Battle. The names of these sections summarise what content is contained in each section. The opening scene is of an elderly James Ryan, the last surviving brother, visiting graves in Normandy with his family to reflect upon those who lost their lives for him during World War II.
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Because of this, Hobbits are what Tolkien thought people should be, instead of hurrying with their life in cities They are very simple folk, live in small burrows, farm the land around them, and choosing not to worry or bother about the current affairs or battles occurring in distant lands, because they are too deeply contented with their way of life to know better. They never get into arguments with each other, and treat each other equally. As well as all their humbleness, some of them are also very mischievous, especially Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrine Took.
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It is possible that in Star Wars: A New Hope R2D2 could have been seen as a MacGuffin. At the beginning of the film Princess Leia loads the enemy plans onto R2D2, from that point he is very important. If R2D2 gets lost or is broken then they will not know the enemy plans. Therefore R2D2 drives the story forward. Todorov's theory states that there is equilibrium, disequilibrium and then a new equilibrium. This can be seen through the storyline of Star Wars: A New Hope. When the empire were not attacking or planning to destroy there would be equilibrium.
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The opening scene starts with a bird's eye view of the local setting; terraced housing and long narrow streets. As non-diegetic music plays, long shots are used to introduce the main characters. The music is parallel to the parade and is of a western source and is very cheery; the characters seem happy and are enjoying themselves despite standing out from the crowd. Also, busy diegetic sound is used to show the cheery bustle of the parade. As the parade is celebrating the Catholic religion, props are carried by the main characters to show this. For example, one of the characters is carrying a Christ statue - this emphasises the cultural difference as well as showing what type of parade it is.
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Basically 'Dracula' is a film about vampires and the crazy things love can make you do. The term signifier of genre gives the audience the impression of a gothic theme. These are subtle hints that make the audience automatically associate with the gothic horror genre. Many things from the film 'Dracula' signify to the audience that it's from a gothic genre such as blood, darkness and the effect of tension the film has. The film Dracula comes from a gothic background, this would be obvious to the audience, as there are many things that show this for example, the
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Compare the representation of Britishness in the Metro Notting Hill Carnival article, the clip from Notting Hill movie and the magazine This England.
It also shows countryside places and the thatched cottages that used to be in Britain. This magazines target audience is definitely for the older generation. Royalists, traditional thinkers, ex-pats, people who remember parts of the war (bye-gone era), the age of 60+ male and female predominantly white, middle-class. Britain can be represented in different ways. One thing that represents Britain is the flag. I think this is the main representation because it stands out, and every country has their own flag to represent their country. Another thing that represents Britain is the people and how they are.
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The colours are de-saturated to make the setting appear darker and more gloomy than usual. It seems to be in almost black and white, but this again was a technique to set the scene. Although there is music played by a single instrument, perhaps a trumpet during the opening credits, there is no dialogue up to this point. As this scene begins, only the sound of the wind and the footsteps of Private Ryan are depictable. The camera moves to focus on Private Ryan entering the cemetery.
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The film begins somewhere above the Indian Ocean where Maverick and Goose are flying wingman Cougar and Merlin and are attempting to try and intercept an unknown bogey (enemy). Cougar looks troubled as he gets surrounded by two bogeys. Cougar says to Maverick that "Maverick get down here and get these ass-holes off me." Maverick realises this and teases the bogeys recklessly and intimidates them to follow him leaving Cougar with more room. Maverick wasn't satisfied with the amount of fun he was getting so he tilted on his aircraft's head meaning he could see the opponent face to face.
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Both Captains were also killed by the very thing they have searched for their whole lives! Music and silence is used effectively to build up tension during the film. The musical score, directly from the beginning, cues the shark for attack. The simple almost primitive tune builds fear and suspense; it is significant as we know that whenever this tune commences that the deadly creature will attack soon. In the movie there are many great examples of great uses of sound and how it can set you up for something to happen.
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Its important to set the mood for a film in its first scenes, because it would be harder to persuade an audience to enjoy a film if they weren't immediately drawn into it. The phrase: "you don't get a second first impression" suits my point - because as with just about anything, most people will presume that all the film will follow the patterns of what we see in its first few minutes. There was only one thing that I thought was wrong with the opening sequence.
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target audience would be men, that are interested in cars, however we're open to the possibility that women may well buy our magazine, the age of our target audience would be 16-50 our target audience's age gap is so broad because we believe someone's interest in cars does not really disintegrate with age. When looking for people willing to buy advertising space in our magazine we had to make sure that these advertisements would suit the readership, we had two key adverts in our magazine, one was an advertisement for the new Mercedes SL-65, we believe that this advert was
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Colours are used to create the mood or tone of an advert. For example: products which are targeted to children or teenagers may use bright primary colours or oranges; this is because they are bold and dramatic, making it eye-catching to young people. However, other adverts may use greens, greys and soft blues to create a sophisticated and calming effect to their product; these colours might be used to attract the adult audiences. Other colours such as such as silver or gold signify luxury and may be used to suggest that a product is expensive or valuable; these adverts may target to adults as they tended to be wealthier than children.
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Social control: The moral panic gains some sort of resolution, often a change of the law or anything designed in order to penalise and threaten those established to be the menacing deviants causing the panic. In this case "Knife City" was made to target youths. The Metropolitan Police produced and launched the "Knife City" advert in 2005, an innovative way of broadcasting the danger of knife crime among the young; in the form of a mock computer game demo that blends cutting-edge computer generated images (CGI)
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To what extent does or is it possible for television to continue to act as a 'voice for the nation'? Discuss with reference to specific TV texts.
Both positions are obviously one-sided and need a deeper more sophisticated explanation. Finally, I will argue a third position using the work of media theorists Stuart Hall and Chris Barker who believe it is no longer useful to understand this debate in terms of national identity alone. They argue that identities are increasing becoming hybrid influenced by global resources and that national identity is no longer the most influential part of many people's identity, if ever it was. I will conclude that in this age of accelerated globalisation it is possible and useful for television to continue to act as 'a voice for the nation' although it may no longer have as powerful an effect as in previous years.
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Shrek.This film completely reinvents the original fairy tale story; In this film you see the prince as the bad guy instead of the good guy for once.
Part A-Characters Shrek's Character Right at the beginning of the film it opens like a conventional fairy tale. With a story book, using the clich�d line "Once upon a time there was a lovely princess..." This is interrupted by a big green Ogre ripping the pages out of the fairy tale book and using them as toilet paper. This is when we first see Shrek. The modern rap music that starts playing, gives us the impression that this is not going to be a typical, predictable fairy tale.
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It has to be questioned just how much a part the media has played in these changes, and how the history of the twentieth century can be seen to be inseparable from the history of the mass media.
In 1901, Italian Gugielmo Marconi sent and received the first wireless transmissions over the Atlantic. He later founded the American Marconi Company. Small, short-range transmissions were sent out to dispatch news, thus forming the basis of radio "news flashes". The quality and quantity of the transmissions were to continually increase in the coming decades. By the end of the first decade of the century, it seemed the world was getting smaller as news travelled faster and wider. With the start of the new wireless technology, the ability to report and obtain news and information was at an important stage.
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Not every foreign person is a threat to the security of Britain as the newspaper have us believe. The quote from the newspaper shows it's biased, this view is very stereotypical maybe because at the time this happened war was prominent. Van Dijk's (1991) study of European newspaper coverage indicates that black people are often portrayed as criminals. Another example of black people being portrayed as criminals is an article on the Nation of Islam, which reinforces stereotypes of black people being criminals, "...His (Louis Farrakhan) acolytes in their neat jackets and bow ties, selling the Nation of Islam's journal have always offered the black community a more inspiring role than the junkies and muggers who inhabit the same space.
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To what extent do the lesbian characters in 'Buffy the Vampire Slayer' (2002) conform to The Dead/Evil Lesbian Clich, with references to 'The Children's Hour' (1961)?
An example of this is when American Indians were almost always used to portray the villains in westerns. Black people used to be used as servants, then as drug dealers, and finally as the funny sidekick who often gets killed as 'equality' was reached. Sometimes, comedies now even have a token 'black guy' who gets killed, as the clich� becomes more and more well-known in the industry. As more civil rights were enforced for equality, and more representations of minority groups were demanded on television and in films, this gave producers more chance to introduce villain, sidekick and 'dead clich�' roles for minority groups, without even giving them a meaningful role.
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A number of studies have tried to answer this and to relate violence to aggressive behaviour. Desensitisation is the reduction in emotional response to television violence and increased acceptance of violence in real life as a result of viewing it. As with drug tolerance increasingly violent programmes may be required to produce an emotional response (Gadow and Sprafkin 1989) Baron (1977) refers to 'phase two' research (research into the effects of media violence) has been conducted using various methodological approaches.
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How does the director of Mission Impossible 2 build intrigue and establish genre in the opening sequence?
An example of this is the establishing extreme long tracking shot of Sydney opera house. This tells the audience that it is in Sydney because of the famous land mark. It also shows the time of day and the weather. We can tell he is using this shot for that purpose because he also uses a subtitle saying it is in Sydney to reinforce the fact that the setting is Sydney. John Woo uses close ups on objects and faces to show their importance.
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