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University Degree: Social Work
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- Marked by Teachers essays 30
In this assignment I will look at the ethical implication of policy implementation in the areas of transition from childrens services to adult services. I will look at the importance of person centred planning in relation to transition and planning by
To commence, Person centred planning can be seen as a process, key planning tool and an empowering approach designed to support and plan individuals with learning difficulties life (Carnaby et al, 2003). The plan provides the freedom to build a tailored life that provided the person with a fulfilling future (Clegg et al, 2010) Person centred planning was incorporated into transition planning by Valuing People (DoH 2001). Mansell and Beadle- Brown (2004) stated that the white paper identified person centred planning as key component to delivering the governments four key principles which are rights, independence, choice and inclusion( DoH, 2001)
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This assignment will discuss the contribution of research to understanding violence risk factors and management. The debate surrounding clinical judgement will be discussed and how this has brought about new research methods. Models of risk assessment wil
There are and always will be people in the community who are a risk to others, whether or not they suffer from a mental disorder or have an offending history, and singling out different professional groups for blame, whether they should be social workers, psychiatrists or doctors in general wont alter this. MAIN BODY 'Risk' Mullen (2000) suggests, can be defined as a calculation which involves uncertainty as to whether some kind of damage or loss will occur as a result of that calculation.
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A 'status offense' is the illegal behavior of a minor although that same behavior would not be criminal if committed by an adult. Such offenses include s****l behavior, alcohol consumption, running away, and truancy (Rose, 2000). Juvenile Delinquency in Malaysia In Malaysia, the statistics recorded that there were 14691 juveniles who were arrested for the committing offences through the year 2002 until November 2004, i.e. the average of 420 cases per month and 14 cases per day. Last year, 3629 students aged between 13 and 18, were arrested for various crimes - 388 more compared to 2007.
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Poverty among women; the evidence The press release by the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) (2003) publicising their report on 'Gender and Poverty in Britain' (2003) calls for urgent government action 'specifically to tackle women's poverty'. In order to illuminate the gendered aspect of poverty, the report cites findings from Poverty and Social Exclusion Survey that suggests that women are more likely than men to be poor, ' on all four dimensions of poverty' which consists of lacking in 2 or more necessities, earnings below 60% of the median income, subjective poverty and receiving of income support.
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As a critical social work theory anti-discriminatory practice links the concern of subjectivity, with the structural focus on the social and political context of people's lives. Anti-discriminatory practice was develop in United Kingdom in the late 1980's mainly by oppressed groups, women and black people, who tried to challenge the inadequacies of the prevailing system. A constant stream of discontent was articulated by women, black people and welfare claimants who found the services placed at their disposal inappropriate to their needs, difficult to access, and far from their influence.
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How do the Family Support Team and service users, at a Childrens Centre in South West Birmingham view the effectiveness of implementing the Common Assessment Framework in assessing and supporting the needs of children and families?
The CAF is an important part of the procedures for integrated assessment in multi-disciplinary working, envisaged in the government's Every Child Matters: Change for Children agenda, launched in 2003, shortly after publication of the Laming report into the death of Victoria Climb�, which had placed great emphasis on the need for improvements in interagency working and information sharing (Laming, 2003), and backed by the legislative spine of the England and Wales Children Act 2004 (DfES, 2003) and is therefore integral to the Family Support Teams remit.
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How are the individual learning needs of young children reflected in the range of educational provision? Taking as an example a particular area of need, discuss the merits and disadvantages of different educational provision, and critically reflect on the
influenced by the Warnock Report (Warnock, 1978), (Marsh, 2000). A major review of the education of children with special needs was carried out by the Warnock committee (Warnock, 1978) and recommendations for improvement were made. These recommendations have greatly influenced legislation on the education of children with special needs, from the Education Act (1981) to the present. The 1981 Act introduced the concept of identifying the educational needs and difficulties of the child through multidisciplinary assessments, leading to the production of a legal document, a Statement of special educational needs, specifically describing a child's needs and the provision required to meet them.
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argues that there is a social stigma and shame that frequently accompanies deaths related to AIDS. Children as well as adults often feel too embarrassed to speak of it while the suppressed feelings get projected outwardly in the form of rage or inwardly in the form of self-hatred, feeling lonely and isolated. Health social workers can play a vital role to help the affected individuals and their families go through the process of grieving, loss and change. In African communities the AIDS pandemic has devastated family institutions, social structures and the world at large. Unlike most diseases, HIV/AIDS generally kills not just one, but both parents and children.
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A Family Group Conference (FGC) was arranged and a lawyer was appointed for their daughter named Emma at the age of 3 months. Emma was placed with the paternal grandparents after her lawyer made an application for her to be under the guardianship of the court. It was agreed in the FGC that the couple would have supervised access until such time the court sees fit for them to have unsupervised access. After three months of this arrangement the court allowed the couple to have unsupervised access on the condition that CYFS would monitor and be informed of any unfavourable actions to the child or any changes and if the arrangement was not working out.
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However Fagan in Connolly (2001) found that the risk of men and women abusing their children is higher if they themselves were abused or witnessed abuse as children and adolescents. The Unnoticed Victims The author's discussion on the effects of family violence and child abuse, prevention as well as intervention is based on the 1994 research study carried out by Gabrielle M. Maxwell Office of the Commissioner for Children; New Zealand titled Children and Family Violence: The Unnoticed Victims. The findings of this research indicated that children who witnesses family violence demonstrate adjustment difficulties in a number of areas including health problems, cognitive deficits, adolescent hostility and aggression and difficulties in adult relationships with the opposite s*x.
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As long as it continues, we cannot claim to be making real progress towards, equality, development and peace." (Cited in Leicester city council, 2006) This topic was chosen due to my experience working as a Family Support worker for the Family Support and Child protection Team within London borough of Tower Hamlets Social Services. I also have a personal experience of witnessing it from my sister who was a victim of domestic violence and was in a constant struggle but did not leave her husband for 4 years. This event first increased my awareness of domestic violence. It also enabled me to question why women do not leave their husbands even though domestic violence is taking place on regular bases.
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Christopher's Hospice, London by Dr. Dame Cicely Saunders, where an in-patient unit was started in the summer of 1967 and a community-based service commenced two years later (Hearn, 2005; Clark, 1998; Hayslip and Leon, 1992). In relation to these facts, this paper wish to express the writer's gratitude in having the opportunity to experience a hospice setting in Britain, as he was provided with new avenues to explore and develop his skills working with a multi-disciplinary team. All in a setting that gave birth to a new level of palliative and end of life care.
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Under paragraph 349 in the UK immigration rules, a child is defined as "a person who is under 18 years of age or who, in the absence of documentary evidence establishing age, appears to be under that age" (The Children's Legal Centre, 2008:3). Unaccompanied asylum seeking children is also defined in the Border and Immigration Agency Asylum Process Guidance as: "a child who is applying for asylum in his or her own right and (or) is a child who is separated from both parents and not being cared for by an adult who by law or custom has responsibility to do so" (ibid, p.4).
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Youth work and youth workers can play a central role in integrating young people and their communities. Critically discuss this statement with reference to your experience and practice.
Today youth work (as outlined in the Transforming Youth Work document released in 1998 by the DfES) it is the statutory duty of all local government organizations to provide a youth service in their region. Also for the first time the youth service has national targets that have to be met with regard to the reach (initial contact) with young people, the number of relationships developed with young people and the number of accredited learning programs achieved through the youth service.
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Tony Blair in his introduction described it as "improving the life chances of people with learning disabilities....". I will refer to this as 'Valuing People' throughout this essay. The Valuing People policy is the first White Paper in thirty years since Better Services for the Mentally Handicapped (1971). The aim then was to close large institutions and to integrate people into the community (www.mind.org.uk). Valuing People aimed to transform the lives of adults and children with learning disabilities through a person-centred approach and to enable people to become empowered in order for them to be included in society.
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(www2.rgu.ac.uk/publicpolicy). The local parish was the basic unit of administration. There was, however, no general apparatus through which this could be imposed and the Poor Law's procedure was not consistent between areas. The changes of the industrial revolution led to the development of the towns, population growth, the first experience of modern unemployment and the trade cycle. All this caused escalating poor rates. The 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act established a national Commission for England and Wales. English local government developed around the Poor Law. 1871 saw the creation of the Local Government Board, which stayed in place until 1929 when the Local Government Act allowed The Poor Law Boards of Guardians to be replaced by local authorities.
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After a short while the Anaesthetist came to explain to James what was going to happen when he went up to theatre. However this caused confusion for James as he did not understand what the anaesthetist had meant by "theatre". It became apparent that the anaesthetists had not been made aware of James's condition, and the parents had to explain that the theatre was the name given to the room where the operation took place and he was not going somewhere to see a show.
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In my role as a Youth Offending Team Officer, I act as an advocate regularly. An example of this is when a young person is homeless and I act as an independent advocate by speaking out on behalf of my client. The legislation around young people and homelessness is complicated and often they are unaware of their legal rights. Because of this, they may attend the housing service alone and come away feeling that they did not get a desired result, but feel powerless and unable to argue their case, often due to a lack of confidence in their interpersonal skills (Braye et al, 1998).
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Therefore this means that when legal drugs, such as headache tablets, or illegal drugs, such as cannabis, enter the bloodstream they can affect how a person feels. Drugs can be grouped into three main types: stimulants such as cocaine, depressants for example heroin, and hallucinogens such as magic mushrooms. (http://www.knowthescore.info, 2005). In addition to the different groupings the law divides drugs into three classes: A, B and C. Classification is based on the harm that specific drugs may cause to individuals, families and communities.
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For example, a child with drug misusing parents may be excluded from other children's parties. This could be because other parents may not want their children playing with that child because of the stigma that surrounds drug misuse. The Cabinet Office (2008) suggests that social exclusion is still a problem by highlighting: "Even today a child's prospects are strongly affected by the background, health and education of their parents." Tackling social exclusion is paramount and a key Government priority and this has lead to the formation of the Social Exclusion Task Force. The role of the Task Force is to: "Coordinate the Governments drive against social exclusion..........ensuring that the cross-departmental approach delivers for those most in need."
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I could negotiate the schedule with the parents and they were happy to co-operate with me. The first observation has been arranged in the morning on 21st December last. As planned earlier, I reached there by 9 O' clock in the morning. When I reached, the baby girl 'S' was sitting on an automated pink coloured swing which has been placed in front of the television. I selected the sofa kept on right hand side of the baby as my place to sit.
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What is obesity? Referring to a document produced by the House of Parliament, published Childhood Obesity (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology, 2003), obesity 'is a condition where weight gain has got to the point that it poses a serious threat to health' (ibid: 1). To classify an individual to be 'obese' is determined by their Body Mass Index (BMI). A value of 30 or more would put an individual in this category. A study by the National Audit Office (NAO), had estimated that the cost of treating obesity in the NHS in 1998 was �1/2 billion (NAO Tackling Obesity in England, 2001).
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'Looked after' children are one of the most vulnerable groups in society. In many cases, some 80%, have suffered s****l and physical abuse before they are removed from their family home and going into care means more upheaval and potential trauma. They all have distinct backgrounds, identities, aspirations and particular needs and only a very small percentage, less than ten, enter care because of their own behaviour. Historically the state has all too often, fallen short in its role as the 'corporate parent', providing inadequate funding and failing to accept the full responsibility it has for these children in its care.
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