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University Degree: International Politics

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 9
  1. Marked by a teacher

    'All political parties are prey to the iron law of oligarchy.' Discuss

    5 star(s)

    Much of Michels 'iron rule' theory was influenced heavily by Karl Marx' philosophy on class rivalries, believing that in any capitalist society there would always be a ruling class of bureaucrats who controlled the state's resources, as he wrote 'the 'dominant' or 'political' class ..... consists the only factor of sufficiently durable efficacy in the history of human development.' 1 (Michels) This was an accepted fact up to the turn of the twentieth century; when ideals of aristocratic dominance were exchanged for ones of open democracy and the end of political inequalities.

    • Word count: 1936
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why is the Common Agricultural Policy so difficult to reform?

    4 star(s)

    Despite its obvious decline the farming population in the EU remains significant. In France it is the fourth largest occupational group, and similar patterns are found in Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Spain and Italy3. Also taking active farmers, retired farmers, spouses of farmers, voting age children of farmers, and former farmers now in other occupations as constituting the combined agricultural contribution, then farmers as a percentage of the electorate rises to over 17% in France, and approaches that level in other EU states with large agricultural sectors4.

    • Word count: 1898
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Why is the single currency so important? Discuss with relation to issues of economic and political union.

    4 star(s)

    Many economists use the term 'eurosclerosis' to describe this slump in economic growth during the last twenty years. As a result of this, the importance of stability lies within its ability to drag the diverse currency base of Europe towards greater economic prosperity and to prevent a reoccurrence of eurosclerosis. Eichengreen and Wyplosz3 describe how the economic principal of creating stability and, as a result instilling confidence into businesses across Europe can provide the strong financial outlook the EU needs for long term growth.

    • Word count: 1872
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the principle ideological factors of Thatcherism

    3 star(s)

    `Stuart Hall and Andrew Gamble are among the foremost contributors to the study of Thatcherism. Their definition therefore is a useful reference point when identifying and discussing Thatcherite ideology. This is not to say that their view is unanimously accepted by other political commentators - of all the recognized components of Thatcherism, the two cited by Hall and Gamble as being central to it, are the two aspects most open to debate. `In order to understand the nature of Thatcherism, I feel that it is necessary to examine the relationship between Thatcherism and (previous)

    • Word count: 1592

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Assess the impact that enlargement will have on the size and economy of the European Union. How will regional and economic policies alter to accommodate the accession of new member states?

    "In conclusion, I feel that enlargement, overall, will have a major impact on both the size and economy of the European Union. Although the EU will become a larger trading block, of approximately 500 million people, the relatively underdeveloped nature of the new member states' economies will mean that the impact on trade will be felt in the medium and long term rather than short term. The alteration of both the economic and regional policies in order to accommodate the accession of the new member countries will bring about a sense of cohesion and co - operation into the union as well as a sense of belonging. "Enlargement does not only serve as a momentum for institutional reform, it also provides current member states with the opportunity to re - open existing policy deals and bargain for a more advantageous outcome" (Stennenberg 2001 p 365)"

  • "There was no general drift to war in 1914 rather there was the determination of one power (Germany) to exploit the Balkan crisis to change the international status quo in its favour". Critically evaluate this statement.

    "In my opinion the Balkan crisis was used by Germany as a stepping stone to what we now know as world war one. Germany had always felt left out in colonial expansion. Germany felt that Britain and France were denying them their rightful share of colonial influence. They thought the Balkan crisis was their chance to increase their colonial influence without the help of Britain or France. Therefore Germany exploited the Balkan crisis in an effort to change the international status quo in its favour. Germany totally exploited the Balkan crisis to their advantage. They were determined to change the international status quo in its favour. They knew that by backing Austria during the crisis, they in turn would support Germany should a war start. Germany knew that backing Austria during the crisis would eventually lead to a European conflict and when Austria handed its ultimatum to Serbia, this conflict started. In a way Germany got what it wanted even though they weren't seen as being the ones who started the war. Germany knew that by backing Austria, it would mean that the already fragile lines of communication between Austria and Serbia would be irreconcilably damaged. This ensured that the international status quo was changed in Germanys favour."

  • To what extent do the ideas of the 'Third Way' represent a new form of politics?

    "In conclusion I shall prefer to sit on the fence and watch the Third Way unravel itself. For as I have suggested the Third Way certainly could be interpreted as a unique form of modern politics. However the Third Way will be interpreted differently by each European government. Thus in order for the Third Way to be successful as truly new form of politics that really can transgress the line between left and right it must be introduced with certain structural elements. Firstly there is a need for 'moral principles and priorities'. Secondly there is a need for 'a more detailed, clear ideology that relates more to the real world' and thirdly 'these principles need to be clear, with policies and practices on how to change current policies to Third Way policies'. (David Halpern **) ** _ Unknown Date"

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