Describe the expected stage of social development of children aged 4 years. Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years.
. Describe the expected stage of social development of: * Children aged 4 years. D1. Most of the children aged 4 years likes to: * Play in groups with other children * Takes turns and shares (most of the time) e.g. when using drawing crayons * Wants explanations of why? And how? When engaged in conversation * Enjoys role play and acting out e.g. super hero * Likes to talk, carries on with conversation * Changes the rule of a game as he/she goes along * Demands for things e.g. for a certain toy * Plays more imaginary, acting out like a mother * Children aged 5 years. D2. Most children aged 5 years will: * Now choose their friends e.g. has certain friends they like to play with * Takes turns, shares (sometimes) e.g. when drawing and sharing pencil crayons * Enjoys co-operative activities and also group play * Says please and thank you when offered something to eat or drink * Shows kindness to other children, inviting them to play and being helpful * Resolves conflicts before seeking adult help * Carries on with conversation with adults and children * Seeks adult approval 2. Consider how and why practitioners observe children in the setting: * Describe ONE suitable method of observing and recording the social development of children aged 5 years. D3. Written Narrative - Naturalistic. This method is used when what is seen and heard are happening
child study visit
Date of Visit: 16th October 2006 Length of Visit: 2 hours and 40 minutes Place: Park People Present: Sam, Me Aim of Visit-Plan Today I am going to take Sam to the park, which is only about a 10 minute walk from her house. By doing this I should hopefully very easily be able to observe her gross motor skills as there will be a lot of apparatus there for her to play on that will enable her to use the large muscles in her body e.g-climbing frame etc. Whilst at the park I have also planned to play 'Simon says' with her by playing this game I will be able to observe some of her intellectual skills by seeing how she responds to instructions. Observations When Sam found out that we were going to the park she got really excited. As soon as we got there she immediately ran over to the swings and she needed me to start her off on the swing by pushing her once and then she used her legs to make her keep moving. After about two or three minutes she wanted to get off the swing and she asked me to get her off because the swing was a little bit high as her feet didn't touch the floor when she sat on it. She then wanted to go on the slide and ran straight over to it. When she was climbing up the ladder to the slide, another little girl came over to the slide and started climbing up the ladder iswell behind Sam (She looked younger than Sam and I don't think she was above 2 years old).
Give a description of the different types of communication used in care settings.
Communications in Care Settings AO1: Give a description of the different types of communication used in care settings. Introduction To communicate with someone is to exchange information or news with them. To communicate is the beginning of understanding. Communication is considered a vital parts of care work as it enables people to store information, without communication, a relationship cannot be develop. As Tearesa Thomson stated when writing about health work, 'Communication is a relationship' (1986). The number of ways in which people can communicate with can communicate with each other differs: A person can communicate with another via; Oral communication, body language, signs and symbols and/or written and electronically transferred communication. For most disability, there is a way of communicating that is suitable for them and can be easily understood. I.e. The deaf use sign language. It is vital that we communicate using the right methods to each person; else the information may be misunderstood or misinterpreted. Oral communication Oral (mouth) communications when done face to face usually involve the use of words and sentences (otherwise known as verbal communication) collectively, with a range of facial expressions and body languages (non- verbal communication) which has to exude the right massage to give the right impression. Oral communication may be
How Daily Routines can help to support children(TM)s care and all round development for 0-3 years.
How Daily Routines can help to support children's care and all round development for 0-3 years. A daily routine is the pattern of a day. A good routine helps children growth and development because it meets their basic needs. It also helps children feel secure as they know that similar things happen each day. Planning a daily routine "All children benefit from routines in daily care and contribute greatly to the provision of a positive, safe and secure environment." (Childcare & Education Tina Bruce and Carolyn Meggit ISBN:0-340-92539-6) Routines change according to the age of the children. This means that adults planning a daily routine need to think about the needs of the children they are working with. How a welcoming routine supports a Childs development A welcoming routine is very important as it makes the child feel loved and wanted. Ways in which this could help them develop are: Physically- hand eye co ordination, when they hang their coat. Intellectually- remembering their marker on their coat peg. Language- talking and welcoming their teacher and even just being able to recognise their name. Emotional- this could be when they leave their parents as it might make then feel sad, or sometimes happy. Social- talking and welcoming the teachers, interacting with others. The way to carry these out would be if the children when they come are greeted by
Child Development - Child Study
I have been asked to produce a piece of coursework for Child Development. The coursework is to do a Child Study on a child of my choice looking at different areas of Child Development. The study will last approximately 11 months. There will be deadlines for completing the various stages of the study and I will have to make a plan to keep within the time scale. At the end of the study there will be an evaluation and conclusion and then the coursework will handed in for marking. The aim of this coursework is to study a child in their early stages of development. I will hope to understand the physical, intellectual, social and emotional development of my study child. I will be observing one child for this study. For physical development I will be observing the child during play and other learning activities and see how he develops throughout the study. I'll be measuring his growth by doing checks on the child's height and weight during the study. Also I will be observing the child's diet as this is important in the child's growth. One of the ways I'll measure the child's growth is to have a height and measuring chart on the wall and four times throughout the study I will take the height and weight measurements and mark them on the chart. The child will also be able to follow their progress which will give him an interest in the process. Intellectual development is about
Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky
Compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Bruner and Vygotsky Child development has been an area of study that has attracted an enormous amount of interest and debate since the last century. Jean Piaget (1886 - 1980) pioneered the theory of cognitive development and has possibly been one of the most influential figures within this area. However, the work of Lev Vygotsky (1896 - 1934) and Jerome Bruner has been paramount in discrediting a lot of the work carried out by Piaget. However, it should be remembered that Piaget has influenced education in many ways. His theories and studies show that knowledge is acquired by active exploration and many of his theories are still being used within the education system today. This essay will compare and contrast the development theories of Piaget, Vygotsky and Bruner. Analysing the theories of each, and whilst not arguing that one theory is truer than the other, discovering the comparisons between the three through evidence and facts, gained through a variety of sources and asking questions of each theory throughout. Vygotsky's theoretical framework is that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition. He believed that cognitive development is a result of others transmitting rules and norms to children. Every function in the child's cultural development appears twice, first on the social
Health and social, Unit 2, Task 1
Individual needs within the health and social care sectors Susan Smith is 29 years old. She has been addicted to alcohol since the age of 17. She has lost everything due to her addiction, her home, her job and her daughter the thing that hurts her the most is that she isn't that bothered, of course she was hurt but in the end that cold litre of cider was her company what else did she need? Susan has tried many things to get her back on track, rehab, meetings, visiting Bella, the lost daughter that doesn't want anything else but for her own mum to hold her in her arms. Nothing has worked! Susan is a very needy person. Susan likes to be centre of attention but, she frightens everyone she meets, she needs help! The everyday needs of Susan... Needs... Example of how met... Air Air is crucial to life. Without air we cannot survive. Food A balanced diet is met through the intake of food that provides sufficient energy to maintain the functions of life. Water Water makes up between 50 and 70% of an adult's total body weight, regular top-ups are needed to balance the loss of water from the body in the form of urine and sweat. If we did not replace the water lost the body would not be able to survive. Dehydration will set in. Shelter Shelter gives us basic protection from elements and danger, shelter provides us with privacy. Safety Safety is defined as the state of
Introduction to Child Study.
Introduction to Child Study The child I will be studying is Mica. She was born on the 26th December 1999. She is now 3 years and 7 months old. Mica is of mixed race with lovely brown curly hair and beautiful brown eyes. She is a very lively and outgoing child. Mica can also be very shy with strangers dependent on their approach to her. Mica is rather tall for her at 108 1/2 cm or 42 1/2 inches tall and wears clothes aged 4-5. She gets the height from her father's side of the family. She also has a size 9 feet, which is large for her age. Mica is very happy, chatty child who can mix with most children, and attends the local nursery five days a week all day whilst her parents work. She has a wide imagination and often pretends to be a teacher using the skills her teachers use at nursery which she as noticed. Mica loves to play along in games with others and amuses herself when alone. She loves to play with her dolls and teddy bears but also likes watching television. Mica's favourite programme is Tweenies, she also likes to watch films, and her favourite is Monsters Inc. She often relays what is happening in the film like when the monster is talking she will say the words before him or when the little girl is about to scream she will prior to it happening. Mica lives in a two bed-roomed flat in West Bowling with her mother Favel aged 29 and her father Chris aged 33. Mica as
Developing Effective Communications in Health and Social Care
Developing Effective Communications in Health and Social Care Describe the Stages of the Communication Cycle and Reflect On Your Own Experiences (P2) The Communication Cycle was first identified in 1965 by Charles Berner. A few years later, Michael Argyle (1972), said that interpersonal communication was a skill that had to be learned, just as you would learn to drive a car. He said that when you are driving a car, you have to change your method to match the conditions of what is happening on the road. Driving involves a constant cycle of watching what is happening in the road, working out how to respond, making the required responses and then repeating this cycle until the end of your journey. Argyle argued that, communication involved much the same 'cycle' as driving a car required. The stages involved in this cycle are: . Ideas occur 2. Message coded 3. Message sent 4. Message received 5. Message decoded 6. Idea understood To enable the cycle to work successfully, two or more parties must be present. Communicating involves expression of thought and interpretation of the other parties understanding. There are six stages to the communication cycle, the first is expressing your own thoughts, and the second is watching the other person non verbal response and body language. Thirdly is interpreting the other person's body language and trying to work out what
The principles, stages and sequences of growth and development in children
The principles, stages and sequences of growth and development in children There are many developments throughout a child's life such as physical development, social and emotional development, intellectual development and communication development. Physical development is when the body changes and you start to develop fine motor skills such as writing. Social development is when you start meeting new people and become more involved in relationships and the society. Emotional development is when you start expressing your own feelings and emotions about different situations. Intellectual development is when you start learning new things, this is also called cognitive development. Communication development is when you start using speech to communicate and start listening to others talking. There are three main principles of development, the first one is that development starts from the head and works down the body, the second is the development happens in the same order no matter what but may occur at different rates and the last is that all area's of development are linked together. The five stages of development are infancy, early years, childhood, puberty and adolescence. Infancy starts from birth to one year, early years start from one year to three years, puberty starts from eight to twelve years and lastly adolescence starts from thirteen to sixteen years. A milestone