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AS and A Level: Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 32
  • Peer Reviewed essays 6
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Obamas announcement for President

    4 star(s)

    He don't divide people, but gather them together under one unit, with a good effect on the receiver. He has been praised for his language skills, and many critics accused Obama for taking language lessons. In this speech he uses his known 'skills,' and it works, he never talks about himself and the american people as it was two groups, all of his sentences is either 'we' or 'our,' which again makes him more believable. The topic of the speech is America - how they are 'one nation' and how unity conquers everything. He uses different kind of rhetorical elements to make his speech trustworthy and one of them is American civil religion, one of the less implicit

    • Word count: 654
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Exams should be abolished speech

    4 star(s)

    Even parents take exams as a race to see whose children are more intelligent. Students shouldn't be judged on their performance on one day when they might be ill. The exams might not be completely representative of the student's skills as everyone can have a bad day. They are a poor method of assessment as they don't reflect the use of knowledge in a practical environment. They don't reflect how well you'll be able to use your knowledge in real world occupations.

    • Word count: 889
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Commentary for English Language AS. The article I chose to write was based on the influences of the media on peoples body images in the world today and how it affects many young teenagers in trying to fulfil this ideal image of a size zero.

    3 star(s)

    Starting off my first paragraph is the use of a declarative sentence which just generally states the facts that the urges people have to feel good about themselves is highly disintegrating to virtually nothing. The declarative sentence is used to state a fact which allows the reader to feel like we know what we are talking about; making them feel that what they are reading is worth while and helpful in ways to carry on reading. Leading off my 2nd paragraph is again another rhetorical question, again to include the reader and make them feel more involved in the text.

    • Word count: 626
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Write a detailed analyse of the transcript of conversation.

    3 star(s)

    For example in the transcript one speaker states 'I had ice cream there so I licked it off'. Here the speaker uses a deictic, the other speakers know what that speaker is talking about even though the speaker does not fully explain. Also the context of speech is important to the speakers and listeners in the conversation as because of it the meanings and feelings within the conversation can be recognised easily even though they are not always explained. One speaker declares 'Steph's at it', the other speakers comprehend what she says with out the speaker filling in the details.

    • Word count: 832
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Accent, dialect and Gender bias.

    3 star(s)

    They are much more likely to use a woman with a soft accent. (Class notes) Dialect Dialects are also regional and culturally effected; however, it is unique to the vocabulary or syntax. Accents and dialects are connected for example; a Geordie dialect will be spoken with a Newcastle accent. Different people use different word to describe the same item throughout Britain. For example, in some areas people may ask for a soft drink, while in others they will refer to the same beverage as soda, pop cola or coke. Dialects can even be different in family members that live together.

    • Word count: 756
  6. Marked by a teacher

    English Text Analysis. Text C is a interactional conversation that takes place between three siblings

    As they are young the language that they use is very simplistic with basic sentence structure and grammar. The younger they are the less advanced their language is. An example of the language used is: ?Yeah, start at the very meginning?. This is said by Sophie who is seven, she uses slang of ?yeah? showing that the conversation is informal, this is because it is between her and her mother. She also says ?meginning?; this is the mispronunciation of ?beginning?.

    • Word count: 427
  7. Marked by a teacher

    Comparing Flight by Doris Leesing & Your shoes by Michele Roberts How are they similar?

    Both of these characters are possessive and don't won't to let go to what is dearest to them. Both characters act more possessive due to previous experiences, the Grandfather has seen other grandchildren get married and leave home. The narrator in Your Shoes continually refers to her troubled childhood where she felt she was ignored. "She loved you more than she loved me." The Narrators daughter is similar to the granddaughter in Flight, as she wants to experience new things by herself; this troubles the two characters as they are seen as possessive. Both short stories have a similar theme as they both deal with troubled teens and how the mother and daughter relate with each other.

    • Word count: 646
  8. Marked by a teacher

    How Does Language Affect Perception?

    Perception: Perception is hereby defined as the way in which we see the world. This includes how we tend to view different things. It also incorporates the view point or perspective from which we view the world. In this way, our perception is closely related to reason and logical thinking. Depending on how we view something, it affects the decisions we make. Perspective: Perspective is from which stand point or angle one observes an event. In relation to perception, perception is the "what" you observe, and perspective is from which view point you observe it.

    • Word count: 608
  9. Marked by a teacher

    What factors need to be considered before describing someone as bilingual?

    Nontheless to evaluate who can be called bilingual or not is not a simple task. We will be looking at diverse aspects of the progress of someone becoming bilingual, as well as the cultural implications associated with biligualism. First, what does it mean to say somebody is bilingual? Different people use the term in different ways. For some, bilingualism means an equal ability to communicate in two languages. For others, this means the ability to communicate in two languages, however with the ability of greater skills in one language.

    • Word count: 872
  10. Marked by a teacher

    thomas hardy

    This shows how much Sylvia hates her self. In the poem we get a sense of time like she has been sat looking at the mirror for a while as the poem says things like "over and over" and "day after day". While reading "Mirror" the audience considers the mental state Sylvia was in when she split up with her husband, Ted Hughes and how she was on the edge from her father's death as a child. This makes the reader believe that the poem is about Sylvia Plath's life.

    • Word count: 760
  11. Peer reviewed

    Controversial Advertising is Pushing the Limits

    3 star(s)

    Such magnitude means that most advertising agencies are increasingly applying 'shock tactics' to win people's attention. It is indeed true that many advertising companies represent themselves and their product to society with the use of sex, drugs and alcohol while potentially posing a threat to vulnerable minds. The general feeling among adults is that commercials, especially on TV, have become vulgar, distasteful and even insulting.

    • Word count: 371
  12. English commentary creative writing. I based the beginning of my story on a physical but also mental journey a man goes on while he is on his own hitchhiking home.

    In order for me to write a story about hitchhiking I had to do some research into the topic. I found a book called "round Ireland with a fridge" by Tony Hawks which really inspired me and helped me grasp the language technique to use in order to entertain. To think in with Chaucer and the way he writes I have used stereotypes in my writing, for example I have does the typical blond as being stupid and naive.

    • Word count: 480
  13. Red Rings commentary. Red rings is a gothic bedtime short story intended for avid gothic readers. It is intended for to be a prequel to Lady of the house of love.

    "Have thou no fear for thy life." This shapes the identity of the lady and contrasts a unique difference from its original text. Antithesis is on occasion to relate to the reader's emotion allowing better understanding and imagery. "Angelic demon" "moving statue" the context of situation also contrasts the character's feelings further evoking sympathetic or fearful emotions that also gives character traits. Semantics of vampirism or context i.e. "Last breath sucked out of her" depicts vivid imagery. Throughout the story speech used by The Lady and Grandma was imperatives, "Go out and buy rations".

    • Word count: 545
  14. Grouping texts on the basis of shared linguistic features. Text A like text B is a transcript however, it is a Radio Five weather forecast which means that it is spoken but pre-planned. It is a factual and precise transcript rather than

    The use of interrogatives in this text is to create an interaction with the reader. This text directly addresses the reader through its interrogatives for example; "could you tell the rest of the world about your passion?" the personal pronoun "you" also helps to create synthetic personalisation with the reader. Text A - like text B - is a transcript however, it is a Radio Five weather forecast which means that it is spoken but pre-planned. It is a factual and precise transcript rather than emotive, this is because its aim is to inform the listeners.

    • Word count: 653
  15. Investigate and analyse how spoken language is adapted by a teacher

    In the transcript a directive is used by the teacher. For example: "Sit down please" and "hurry up" These directives have been used to get the classes attention and control the students so the teacher can start the lesson. This gives the effect to the students that the teacher is in charge. The word 'please' may have been used because the teacher may want to show respect to the students so the students so they show respect back to her. A 'list of three' also known as 'tripling' had been used by the teacher.

    • Word count: 669
  16. George Bush Speech Analysis. This speech was given by former U.S. President, George Bush, in the city of New Orleans, regarding the devastating occurrence of Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

    The external audience is the mass media, the public and for the rest of those whom it may concern. George Bush's primary message was to inform the public of the disastrous event. He spoke primarily in first person, using words like 'we' and 'us' repetitively to show unity between the country and the people. The structure of the speech is organized in a specific sequence. First, the speaker discussed what happened and then he stated his opinion on the matter. Then, Bush followed with examples, such as the hospital and the firefighter, which were personal experiences. These personal experiences showed that these people were still willing to work together in aiding others less fortunate.

    • Word count: 717
  17. In four separate paragraphs of about 100 words each write about: Dialects, Sociolects, Idiolects, and Register. Support you notes with examples.

    In Standard English, a speaker would say: "I was standing at the bus stop". In many Northern English dialects this is often rendered as: "I was stood at the bus stop". On the level of vocabulary, examples of dialectal differences include American English 'subway', contrasting with British English 'underground'; and corn, which means "maize" in the United States, Canada, and Australia, "wheat" in England, and "oats" in Scotland. Nevertheless, while dialects of the same language differ, they still possess a common core of features. A dialect is often associated with a particular accent. Sometimes a dialect gains status and becomes the standard vareity of a country.

    • Word count: 580
  18. Arthur and George by Julian Barnes Critcal Analysis. This extract recounts the experiences of a young boy named George. He is the main character, and the passage focuses on his perspective of the world.

    This limited view lets the reader experience the naivety of George and how he reacts to the world around him; for instance when George started crying because of the "sudden hoarse bellow" the cow utters, the passage only describes the actions of his father and does not go into any other detail. George's character is conveyed in simple diction in the passage, which mirrors and continues to emphasise his age and naivety.

    • Word count: 449
  19. Eulogy for Gary Speed

    We often see clich�s thrown about too easily, but few people would argue that he was a lion on the pitch in his leadership and a role model off the pitch. Both his opponents and teammates would agree with this statement. In one game against Liverpool, we were 2-0 down with a man sent off at half-time, but Gary at half time, being the soldier he was on the pitch, showed us that there was light at the end of the tunnel, he made us pull our socks up with his speech and if you're going to talk the talk as a player, you better walk the walk and Gary most definitely did.

    • Word count: 801
  20. Is it good to have English as global language?

    Secondly, a language can be made a priority in a country's foreign-language teaching, even though this language has no official status. It becomes the language which children are most likely to be taught when they arrive in school. Why a language becomes a global language has little to do with the number of people who speak it. It is much more to do with who those speakers are. Latin became an international language throughout the Roman Empire, but this was not because the Romans were more numerous.

    • Word count: 575
  21. Language autobiography. Being a girl of a mixed ethnic background, you can imagine the diversity of language used across my family. The dialects and accents have a wide variety as my family are spread all across the globe.

    he is also fluent in English, but he has an Arab accent. My father lives in Lebanon so his dialect of Arabic has changed to the Lebanese dialect because of his surroundings but he still has a twang of the Palestinian dialect. The main languages in my family are English and Arabic, but there are so many dialects, such as Egyptian, Jordanian, Emirati, Lebanese, Moroccan, Saudi Arabian, Syrian Arabic and Essex accents, Dorset accent, Scottish accent, American accent, Australian accent. This is just the start of the variety of language in my family!

    • Word count: 866
  22. Sociolect basically, means language spoken by a social group, social class or subculture. In this regards it differs to the dialect of that area slightly. Every person in that peer group has their own idiolect.

    It is manifested when that person chooses the word phrases or idioms which are unique to an individual. The idiolect you speak is influenced by many factors, for example the area you live in, where you are from and who is in your peer group. These could happen simultaneously which will make your idiolect even more unique. I believe that your idiolect is mainly changed by your geographical location. My idiolect has been changed drastically through the years I have been living. Even though I was born in the UK the first language I was taught was Farsi, this was minor setback however I was able to overcome this issue.

    • Word count: 679
  23. This commentary will examine an article written by Andrew Bolton, titled Doomed to a fatal delusion over climate change which was published in the Herald Sun on the July 09, 2008.

    Bolton's use of statistics is effective in positioning the audience to accept his word as the truth. Statistics are seen to be hard facts that are quantifiable and verifiable and provide proof for the author's argument. This can be seen in Bolton's article on line 34, paragraph 9, where he stated "The truth is Australia on its own emits less than 1.5 per cent of the world's carbon dioxide." The author has used statistics to lend credibility to his argument by implying that he is supported by official factual research. The reader is therefore likely to accept his words as fact rather than opinion.

    • Word count: 857
  24. The 20-Mile Fall is an article that was written for Time Magazine describing the events prior and during Joe Kittinger's record breaking jump out of a hot air balloon at over 98,00ft

    The start of the article gives the reader some context about Joe and tells them what he is like. Th e use of a proper noun "Air Force" to describe him gives him credibility as being in the Air Force is well respected. In addition he use of premodifictaion "steel-nerved" shows that he is the best man for the job and creates a hero atmosphere around him. The use of a scientific semantic field, "altitudes", "atmosphere" and "above sea level", helps the reader picture themselves being there and is used to exaggerate his accomplishment, making it seem more amazing.

    • Word count: 853
  25. Holiday Brochure Essay. Both informal extracts describe the appeal of who they are representing, Wales and Jersey, and use various techniques to get the reader interested in visiting.

    Text A shows this informality quite obviously with humour which is often embedded in parentheses . "(It's the 7th most common pub name)" is an example of this and the humour helps relax the reader and makes the brochure more appealing. Also, the use of contractions, "That's" and "There'll" helps with the formality as this is seen more commonly in spoken language rather than formal texts. The tone also reflects Wales so the brochure uses the informal tone to portray Wales as being a fun and lively place to be. So therefore this reflects the targeted audience which are fun and lively people, more willing to appreciate the informal tone.

    • Word count: 824

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "All human thoughts come into existence by grasping the meaning and mastering the use language" Polanyi - Do you agree? Discuss what the author means in the quotation and from a language perspective discern how it relates to knowledge.

    "Now at the end of the day, I can come to the conclusion, that everybody has his or her own definition of thought, meaning and mastering the use of language, and this might affects whether one agrees with Polanyi or not. I myself do not think that human thoughts only come into existence when grasping the meaning and mastering the use of language. I just have many thoughts, which are kept in my head, without using the language I would define as something used to communicate with others. As I am a human, and I constantly think, I believe that I do have human thoughts, and I know that some of them do come into existence, but they often stay in my head the way they are. Without being transformed into "real" language so others can understand me."

  • "If thought corrupt language, language can corrupt thought" Discuss

    "In conclusion to ascertain as to if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought, I totally agree. But I don't take the statement as serious as George Orwell does. He gives many examples of bad writing in the essay Politics and the English language, but I think I speak for everyone that one of those examples we use in our language every day. Does this make us bad writers? According to Orwell we are. I know it's just his opinion but he defiantly takes extremes and basically says that all essays, novels, political speeches that don't look like his own style of writing, are bad language."

  • "In order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world." Discuss and evaluate this claim.

    "In my final conclusion I would argue, that it is nearly impossible to understand how things really are and perceive them in the same way that others do, as everyone perceives the world differently. On the other hand, by becoming aware of their filters, one might understand each individual perception and the way of gaining knowledge. Words: 1628 This is not including the title, footnotes and poem example. 1 John Berger, Ways of Seeing (BBC and Penguin Books, London, 1983) 2 (Albert Einstein) 3 The enterprise of knowledge, John L. Tomkinson 4 stated in 1978 by the Nobel Laureate in Literature winner Isaac Bashevis Singer 5 (Hume) Amelie Kuster ToK - Long Essay 1"

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