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AS and A Level: Language: Context, Genre & Frameworks

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 32
  • Peer Reviewed essays 6
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Class and Gender conflict in Pygmalion

    4 star(s)

    Henry Higgins represents the upper class of society, those that are expected to be both educated and wealthy. He is profoundly aware of his status and is not particularly sympathetic towards those of the lower class. This is revealed as he is first introduced to Liza and refers to her as a 'squashed cabbage leaf.' (Shaw, 2003:18) This first scene is important as it establishes the class differences that are evident within the language contrasts of each of the characters. Higgins plays an important role in establishing this theme as he places great emphasis on phonetics. He has the ability to place an individual within the geographical location of their place of origin.

    • Word count: 1519
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Representation is governed by perspective. For this reason composers will attempt to manipulate their construction of events and characters, to bring to the fore of public discussion, their own esteemed perspective. This becomes evident in texts of, T

    4 star(s)

    The powerful and emotive tone used by Robertson to convey Michael X, coupled with the historical dialogue from the trial, humanizes and elevates the convicted criminal thus the audience is positioned to have an empathetic reaction to the Character as Robertson presents Michael, as a paradigm for all individuals on death row, positioning him as a hero, "token black." Thus he convinces his audiences to see the need to abolish the death penalty, for such a "changed man." Robertson acknowledges the opposing perspective giving credence to his own argument.

    • Word count: 1336
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Summary of "Critical period effects in second language learning - The influence of maturational state on the acquisition of English as a second language", by Jacqueline S. Johnson and Elissa L. Newport,

    4 star(s)

    The hypotheses tested mainly focused on the effects of age on second language attainment. Two studies were done on immigrants who were abiding in the U.S. for approximately five years. According to the interviews conducted by Patkowski in 1980 and the language facts studied by Oyama in 1978, results inferred that the earlier the subjects arrived, the more knowledgeable and well rounded they were on the use of English. The topics pertaining to this research are as follows and are further discussed in the methods section: "1.

    • Word count: 1217
  4. Marked by a teacher

    COMPARATIVE COMMENTARY -Malcolm Cowleys essay The View and When I grow old by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings

    3 star(s)

    Both texts share a general audience as they are directed both to children, adults, and old aged people. They show different realities that people can pass through, a good one, were you will live happy, and a bad one, were you will live with "aching bones". The purpose of the first passage is to transmit feelings and experiences in a positive way, were people ages in a peaceful environment; while the purpose of the second text is to advice and inform the reader how he would feel when he becomes old, expressing the harsh reality he will be facing.

    • Word count: 1058
  5. Marked by a teacher

    Language and representation has Political Correctness gone too far?

    3 star(s)

    Political correctness according to linguists has been around since the turn of the century and was first seen in the 1930's in print defending the prejudice terms attacking coloured people within society. The term racialist has been around since the turn of the century and was changed to racist in the 1930's. The term was used to stop and label those who are prejudice and discriminative towards people of a different colour. Another term that labelled a different kind of prejudice was the term sexist which was used repeatedly from the 1960's in particular.

    • Word count: 1484
  6. Marked by a teacher

    English Monologue - Demons

    3 star(s)

    Not too sure what they exactly are, but honestly, I think it's to do with the demons. Don't want to think about it as I feel like I'm going insane - as it can come and grab me; It can creep up inside me and consume me. Which is a disease of the mind, it can control you as it's too close for comfort. I need help, help that's observable and curable as I need to be released from this curse... I'm trying very hard to remain tame, but in theory I'm struggling. (Scene 2 - talking to himself)

    • Word count: 1518
  7. Marked by a teacher

    English Language Coursework

    3 star(s)

    While the people keep arriving and singing, the amount of relevance to god and the church becomes less and less until the last young man sings: Man: Ow you sexy Motherf- He is then interrupted by Geraldine. The change in the songs that they sing and the concept of a swear word, adds comedy because the point in the auditions seem to get further and further away as the topic of each song changes and we're left with a boy rapping.

    • Word count: 1286
  8. Marked by a teacher

    The Color Purple

    3 star(s)

    So jealousy breaks down the relationship, and this is illustrated by dialogue. Corrine confronts Nettie, and tells her they should call each other sisters, they should not borrow each others clothes, and the children can't call her 'Mama Nettie'. Nettie tells us she is bothered by this, but does not say anything to argue with Corrine, only 'you feeling yourself?' This part of the extract shows that the usual sisterhood attitude of the women can at times be broken down by jealousy. Another huge idea that is consistent throughout the novel is the suggestion that men are superior, and dominate over females.

    • Word count: 1183
  9. Marked by a teacher


    3 star(s)

    From beginning to the end of the novel, Philip Roth expressed issues of teen's sexual drives in adolescence and the flaws they had in those years. The second chapter of the novel was titled "Whacking Off," which gave me a nasty feeling in my stomach of what I was about to indulge into. As I go on reading Roth describes the desperate urge the main character Alex Portnoy has to masturbate due to hormones flowing and puberty starting in life.

    • Word count: 1219
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Antiheroes are the protagonists that do not have hero-like qualities and characteristics, such as Gregor Samsa in The Metamorphosis and Isa in "American School". After much analyzing, these two characters can be understood as antiheros.

    3 star(s)

    Therefore, qualities of an antihero include average characters, lacks courage, inferior, belittled, shy, and a follower. Antiheroes are literary figures (leading characters most of the time) that do not possess typical heroic qualities. Their roles in the stories are to represent the irony of imperfect characters. Stories tend to have this hero, or leading figure, that is brave and saves the day. Antiheroes are important to the story because their "saving the day" may not be clear cut and can be argumentative. Antiheroes usually are proving a point that is understated and misunderstood. Their sympathetic failed attempt to play the hero in the stories makes their role look ironic and sometimes pathetic to the readers.

    • Word count: 1454
  11. Marked by a teacher

    Learning foreign languages is becoming more and more popular and necessary nowadays. The aim of the report is to examine this area.

    3 star(s)

    The data included in this report was obtained by means of a questionnaire. Constructing the questionnaire I was thinking how to create a questionnaire which would be easy to understand but also which would give me enough information that I needed. I decided to create ten questions. The types of questions were different. I used open - ended questions, multiple choice. In some of the multiple choice questions students were asked to choose more than one answer. In more complicated questions students could give their own additional information in spaces which were provided for it.

    • Word count: 1950
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Compare the ‘Twa Corbies’ and the ‘Three Ravens’ considering language, content and techique

    3 star(s)

    The contrast between nature's bounty and loneliness, desolation and desertion is already apparent. ` The twa corbies looks towards the prospects of death, and what they may gain by scavenging through the remains of a body. A man killed in his prime; "bonny blue een" and "gowden hair" the features of a recently killed, young man almost described like part of the treasures that they may take. The crows spy from the trees, gossiping and plotting their next moves. There even seem to be undertones reminiscent of William Shakespeare's 'Macbeth', as the birds hear the character of Macbeth remind himself that it was he that murdered Duncan.

    • Word count: 1142
  13. Peer reviewed

    describe the way english language stereotypes men and women

    3 star(s)

    There are separate adjectives used to describe men and women. If a man is muscular and very physically attractive you may portray him as a hunk, however you wouldn't use that term for a woman because it is a very masculine word. You may state that a woman with a small and delicate build would be petite but you wouldn't use petite for a man. A woman with large breasts would be called busty and again you wouldn't use it to portray a man.

    • Word count: 1210
  14. The Presentation consists of the history of both Anim and Cartoons, the way they have developed and the differences and similarities between them. The Presentation met the objective of explaining the main aspects of the two, which were t

    My new title was "What are DIFFERENCES between Anim´┐Ż and Cartoons?" OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT The main objective that I wanted to complete was which side was right; whether or not they are different. The main objective that the EDEXCEL board wanted was to change the view of people on a topic of someone else's choice. In order to do this, I would have to create a Presentation for my project, type up all the research that I find about the topic and summarise it all for my Presentation.

    • Word count: 1574
  15. Original Writing Commentary. The purpose of this blog is to advise young adults how to curb unhealthy eating habits not for only for weight but for confidence. I purposely chose to continue the theme of junk food

    Throughout the web-blog, I predominately used the first-person narrative in order to create a personal-directed appeal to the reader to enlighten them about ways to begin the process. Also by using this narrative it enabled me to generate a tone which was conversational yet friendly. The level of the formality is both formal yet informal at times. I purposely chose not to write the blog in a fixed style as I felt at various times the language needed to relate to the specific age range as 'Crap' and 'Jotting' is lexis belonging to the socialect of young adults.

    • Word count: 1118
  16. An Investigation into the Representation of The War on Iraq

    Paul Wolfowits adapts another much softer tone to persuade the audience, by creating sympathy towards the Americans and the soldiers, re-enforcing his personal experience in Iraq, expressing the troubles and obstacles that soldiers go through. George W Bush's declaration of war speech uses an even softer tone to lure the audience on his side by expressing all the positives that it is going to be gained and that are going to be done in a humane and moral way. Text A represents the American war on Iraq in a very negative light claiming to have revealed the "truth".

    • Word count: 1856
  17. Examine the representation of WAGs in a range of Newspaper articles.

    He uses the dynamic verbs "shopped" and "partied" to give a stereotypical representation of their lives. The reader may make a judgement on this that WAGs are immoral, as the reader is more likely not to experience this type of lifestyle, and have to work for their money. However, the author reassures the reader by using the third person pronoun "they". This fulfils the purpose of detachment - separating the reader from the WAGs, who have been represented as immoral, rich, gold-diggers through their daily lifestyle. In the second paragraph, the author uses an embedded subordinate clause to represent the WAGs as beneath himself and the reader.

    • Word count: 1863
  18. Investigation into representation of gender through speech

    sound more aggressive * Girls are also more likely to use monitoring devices and tag questions to check the response of the group when making a statement than boys * These features will remain the same whether the groups are mixed or not Features to look for- Aggression: * repetition * short sentences * simple sentence structure * first person voice used when stating opinions * divergence * interruption * directness Hesitancy: * fillers * reformulation/recycling * monitoring devices * politeness techniques * convergence * tag questions * turn-taking * pauses * second person/third person voice * passive voice *

    • Word count: 1341
  19. Discuss the various theories of Language Acquisition

    However, there are of course many obvious limitations of this theory. When parents try to correct children too much, research has shown that children actually progess slower because they are not being allowed to express themselves as freely. Often, when a parent attempts to make a child repeat a certain sentence, the child is unable to respond correctly, because the syntactical structure is completely unfamiliar. Additionally, a parent or carer is more likely to dispute the content of a child's statement as opposed to the grammar.

    • Word count: 1149
  20. Free essay

    Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the argument that children have an innate capacity for language. What other explanations of language acquisition by children have been offered?

    Although all of these theories have immense amounts of evidence to support the corresponding ideas, it remains open to debate which is most likely. The central idea of the theory of nativism is that a child's brain contains special language-learning mechanisms at birth. The 'champion' of this theory, who is most often associated with innateness, is Noam Chomsky (b. 1928), an American linguist. Chomsky believed that children must have an inborn faculty for language acquisition. According to this theory, the process is biologically determined as the brain contains linguistic information at birth; the child's natural predisposition to learn language is

    • Word count: 1609
  21. How is the ideal male represented through physical description in modern Mills and Boon literature?

    Within this genre, men are represented as clothes horses rather than characters in their own right. In the independent clause, the lexical field of clothing is more prevalent than the hero: Cameron's tie is the subject of the clause, the shirt its object. Even in the subordinate clause, Cameron is not described as a separate entity: rather, each physical attribute is described in turn, which ultimately objectifies him. Pronouns replace proper nouns. A modifying adjective, "prominent", emphasises male virility, as does the common noun "Adam's apple", a traditional symbol of masculinity.

    • Word count: 1474
  22. Speech Analysis. The video I would like to analyze is called Randy Pausch Inspires Graduates from YouTube.com. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RcYv5x6gZTA) the speaker is Randy Pausch and the audience is the graduates for Carnegie Mellon University of 20

    In this video, Randy shared his own experience with the graduates. He encouraged the graduate to think positive, live their life well and find their own passion. Randy learned that he had a terminal case of pancreatic cancer in August 2006 and he was told he likely 3-6 months left to live that time. However, he was a positive person. In this video, he said,' I am not gonna get down and do any push-ups.' Randy said we should try to do the thing we want to do as not to feel regretful.

    • Word count: 1303
  23. I decided to produce and experiment in the field of journalistic writing alongside a transcription of a radio documentary. The former is centred on a social topic, delineating the harms of smoking in the form of a broadsheet newspaper article for The Obse

    The word 'typography' is in fact is derived from the Greek word 'typos' which is defined as 'impression'. Hence, the impression left upon the reader is in fact a crucial process of his/her perception of the article as whole, and this cannot be explicated without the study of typography. Moreover, the fact that the body copy has been used and the article is laid out into columns, ensures that the article is reader-friendly. The purpose of the radio documentary is similar yet profoundly distinct in contrast to the newspaper article. The features of similarity are those which convey the harms of smoking and the instantaneous consequences of a cigarette.

    • Word count: 1798
  24. Grandpas Soup by Jackie Kay and The Coming of Yams and Mangoes and Mountain Honey by James Berry. Compare two texts from the anthology which show how food can be associated with memory

    The lines are also short, consisting of ten or less words each. This form ensures that when read, the first stanza is memorable as the flow and rhythm of the short lines ensures that the reader can connect with Kay's own memories and also ensures that parts of the poem become stuck in the reader's mind, such as "and its dice potatoes the perfect size and its wee soft bits" which flow nicely when read and further Kay's aim of conveying her own memories to the reader, making it significant.

    • Word count: 1610
  25. We began this class with reading Mary Louise Pratts essay Arts of the Contacts Zones.By reading this essay, I was able to understand the meaning of being able to read a text through the lens of a theory and I was able to use this con

    A specific area where I could of done this was when I stated how "I slowly began to disassociate myself from hockey because I couldn't deal with the judgments and stereotypes I kept being labeled" (Gray 4). After this statement I moved onto new ideas and thoughts. If I wanted to make this essay stronger, I believe I should of looked deeper into why I wanted to dissociated myself from this culture and how I was able to do so.

    • Word count: 1249

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "All human thoughts come into existence by grasping the meaning and mastering the use language" Polanyi - Do you agree? Discuss what the author means in the quotation and from a language perspective discern how it relates to knowledge.

    "Now at the end of the day, I can come to the conclusion, that everybody has his or her own definition of thought, meaning and mastering the use of language, and this might affects whether one agrees with Polanyi or not. I myself do not think that human thoughts only come into existence when grasping the meaning and mastering the use of language. I just have many thoughts, which are kept in my head, without using the language I would define as something used to communicate with others. As I am a human, and I constantly think, I believe that I do have human thoughts, and I know that some of them do come into existence, but they often stay in my head the way they are. Without being transformed into "real" language so others can understand me."

  • "If thought corrupt language, language can corrupt thought" Discuss

    "In conclusion to ascertain as to if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought, I totally agree. But I don't take the statement as serious as George Orwell does. He gives many examples of bad writing in the essay Politics and the English language, but I think I speak for everyone that one of those examples we use in our language every day. Does this make us bad writers? According to Orwell we are. I know it's just his opinion but he defiantly takes extremes and basically says that all essays, novels, political speeches that don't look like his own style of writing, are bad language."

  • "In order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world." Discuss and evaluate this claim.

    "In my final conclusion I would argue, that it is nearly impossible to understand how things really are and perceive them in the same way that others do, as everyone perceives the world differently. On the other hand, by becoming aware of their filters, one might understand each individual perception and the way of gaining knowledge. Words: 1628 This is not including the title, footnotes and poem example. 1 John Berger, Ways of Seeing (BBC and Penguin Books, London, 1983) 2 (Albert Einstein) 3 The enterprise of knowledge, John L. Tomkinson 4 stated in 1978 by the Nobel Laureate in Literature winner Isaac Bashevis Singer 5 (Hume) Amelie Kuster ToK - Long Essay 1"

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